Ada Blackjack: A True Story of Survival in the Arctic by Jennifer Niven


  175 “This is the...” Ada Blackjack’s diary, April 21, 1923, UAA/BBJ

  175 “If I be...” Ada Blackjack’s diary, April 21, 1923, UAA/BBJ

  176 “If I happen...” Ada Blackjack’s diary, April 30, 1923, UAA/BBJ

  177 “I will not...” “The Story of Ada Blackjack,” p. 339, The Adventure of Wrangel Island

  177 “I thought to...” “The Story of Ada Blackjack,” p. 342, The Adventure of Wrangel Island

  178 “Knight,” she called... Ada Blackjack’s statement to E. R. Jordan, p. 3, DART

  179 “when I shoot...” “The Story of Ada Blackjack,” p. 343, The Adventure of Wrangel Island

  179 “I said to...” “The Story of Ada Blackjack,” p. 343, The Adventure of Wrangel Island

  181 “The Nation ...” The Nation, “Wrangel Island,” September 19, 1923

  ELEVEN

  182 “Who told you...” Ada Blackjack’s diary, May 7, 1923, UAA/BBJ

  185 “Look what I...” “The Story of Ada Blackjack,” p. 331, The Adventure of Wrangel Island

  187 “White ladies want...” “The Story of Ada Blackjack,” pp. 348–349, The Adventure of Wrangel Island

  187 “Ada, Mr. Knight...” “The Story of Ada Blackjack,” p. 348, The Adventure of Wrangel Island

  188 “Ada,” Knight said... “The Story of Ada Blackjack,” p. 348, The Adventure of Wrangel Island

  192 “June 17, 1923...” J.I. Knight to the Galles, June 17,1923, LAW

  TWELVE

  194 “should confine its...” Vancouver Sun & Province, “Joint Action on Wrangell,” April 9, 1923

  195 “the men on...” Stefansson to Mr. Finnie, March 24, 1923, DART

  195 “Illness is, of...” Stefansson to J. I. Knight, January 8, 1923, DART

  196 Stefansson estimated... American Institute of Economic Research, Cost of Living Calculator, http://www.aier.org/cgi-bin/colcalculator.cgi

  198 It was difficult... Los Angeles Times, “Ending Years in the Arctic,” October 19, 1921

  199 “easy if only...” The Friendly Arctic, p. 669

  200 “challenging, calling...” Harold Noice, With Stefansson in the Arctic, p. 17

  201 “Seattle Boy Becomes...” With Stefansson in the Arctic, p. 33

  201 “Adventure!” Stefansson had... With Stefansson in the Arctic, p. 31–32

  201 “if this man...” With Stefansson in the Arctic, p. 32

  201 “few ‘human’ traits...” With Stefansson in the Arctic, p. 267

  201 Noice was sufficiently... With Stefansson in the Arctic, p. 45

  202 “June 10. This...” Ada Blackjack’s diary, June 10, 1923, UAA/BBJ

  202 “white like paper” “The Story of Ada Blackjack,” p. 348, The Adventure of Wrangel Island

  202 “Presented to Ada...” Lorne Knight’s Bible, presented to Ada Blackjack (Bible currently in possession of Billy Blackjack Johnson)

  203 “Pretty good shooting...” Ada Blackjack’s diary, June 17, 1923, UAA/BBJ

  PART IV

  206 “Here lies a...” Words written on a piece of paper, folded within the pages of Lorne Knight’s diary, NAC

  THIRTEEN

  207 “Don’t leave me...” Ada Blackjack’s statement to E. R. Jordan, p. 4, Adventure of Wrangel Island

  207 “What is the...” Ada Blackjack’s statement to E. R. Jordan, p. 4, Adventure of Wrangel Island

  208 “Dear Galle...” The Literary Digest, December 8,1923

  209 “Wrangel, Island...” Ada Blackjack’s record of Lorne Knight’s death, DART [Note: Knight apparently died either on June 22 or June 23, as Ada records both as his death date in separate places.]

  212 “In case he...” J.I. Knight to Harry Galle, July 10, 1923, LAW

  213 “It is unthinkable...” A. J. T. Taylor to Olive Wilcox, July 29, 1923, DART

  213 “Must load...” Harold Noice to Stefansson, July 27, 1923, DART

  214 “Do not make...” Harold Noice to Stefansson, July 28, 1923, DART

  214 “The Siberian...” Associated Press Dispatch, July 30, 1923

  214 “Soviet officials are...” The Globe and Mail, July 30, 1923

  214 “equivalent to an...” Canadian Press, Mail, July 30, 1923

  214 “A critical time...” A.J.T. Taylor to William Cory, July 29, 1923, DART

  215 “Until we are...” William Cory to A. J. T. Taylor, July 30, 1923, DART

  215 By the last... American Institute of Economic Research, Cost of Living Calculator, http://www.aier.org/cgi-bin/ colcalculator.cgi

  215 “Siberian sending ship...” Harold Noice to Stefansson, July 28, 1923, DART

  216 “June 24th...” The Literary Digest, December 8,1923

  216 “June 25th...” The Literary Digest, December 8,1923

  216 “June 26th...” The Literary Digest, December 8,1923

  216 “had a nice...” Ada Blackjack’s diary, June 26, 1923, UAA/BBJ

  217 “June 28th...” The Literary Digest, December 8,1923

  217 “July 1st...” Ada Blackjack’s diary, July 1, 1923, UAA/BBJ

  218 “Fourth of July” Ada Blackjack’s diary, July 4, 1923, UAA/BBJ

  218 “I am glad...” “The Story of Ada Blackjack,” p. 344, The Adventure of Wrangel Island

  219 She purposely did... “The Story of Ada Blackjack,” p. 344, The Adventure of Wrangel Island

  220 “It look like...” Ada Blackjack’s diary, July 21, 1923, UAA/BBJ

  220 “July 23...” Ada Blackjack’s diary, July 23, 1923, UAA/BBJ

  221 “if the lord...” Ada Blackjack’s diary, July 28, 1923, UAA/BBJ

  223 “McMinnville, Oreg...” J. I. Knight to Harry Galle, August 8, 1923, LAW

  FOURTEEN

  224 “Everybody London...” Stefansson to Harold Noice, August 1, 1923, DART

  225 “adventurous patriots...” The Adventure of Wrangel Island, pp. 162–163

  225 Stefansson had... The Stefansson Arctic Exploration and Development Company Limited Statement of Affairs as of 9 October, 1923, DART

  227 “Christian fostering...” Los Angeles Sunday Times, “Wrangell Isle Dash Is Begun,” August 26, 1923

  227 “I am leaving...” Los Angeles Sunday Times, “Wrangell Isle Dash Is Begun,” August 26, 1923

  228 “So far we...” Ralph Lomen (quoting Harold Noice) to A. J. T. Taylor, August 23,1923, DART

  228 “What’s the matter...” Des Moines Register, “Wrangell Isle Tragedy Story Told by Noice,” September 5, 1923

  229 “But whosoever...” John 4:14

  230 “How is it...” John 4:9

  230 “Whosoever drink-eth...” John 4:14

  230 “But the hour...” John 4:23 and 4:24

  230 “Jesus saith unto...” John 4:26

  230 “But if ye...” Lev. 26:14 and 26:16

  231 “And if ye...” Lev. 26:21 and 26:22

  231 “Trust in the...” Prov. 3:3, 3:4, 3:5, 3:6, and 3:7

  231 “Thank living...” Ada Blackjack’s diary, August 1, 1923, UAA/BBJ

  232 “the Lord Jesus...” Ada Blackjack’s diary, August 6, 1923, UAA/BBJ

  232 “So it looks...” Ada Blackjack’s diary, August 8, 1923, UAA/BBJ

  233 “saviour Jesus” Ada Blackjack’s diary, August 8, 1923, UAA/BBJ

  233 The next morning... Ada Blackjack’s diary, August 12,1923, UAA/BBJ

  234 “and I thank...” Ada Blackjack’s diary, August 17,1923, UAA/BBJ

  235 “It seemed to...” Des Moines Register, “Wrangell Isle Tragedy Story Told by Noice,” September 5, 1923

  235 “Prepare a special...” Unnamed newspaper article, “Human Figure Disclosed on Wrangell Island Beach,” September 4, 1923

  236 Full speed astern... The Literary Digest, December 8,1923

  236 “Were we in...” Des Moines Register, “Eskimo Woman, Lone Survivor, Greets Noice,” September 7, 1923

  237 Noice watched her... The Literary Digest, December 8,1923

  237 “Where is Crawford...” The Literary Digest, December 8,1923


  237 “Why is not...” “The Story of Ada Blackjack,” p. 334, The Adventure of Wrangel Island

  238 “I expected to...” The Literary Digest, December 8,1923

  238 “There is nobody...” The Literary Digest, December 8,1923

  238 “Knight, he died...” Twice-a-Week Spokesman Review, “Woman Only Survivor of Wrangell Island Party,” September 14, 1923

  239 “She heard the...” “Lady in the Moon,” as told to Inglis Fletcher by Ada Blackjack, February 11, 1924, IFP

  FIFTEEN

  240 “I wonder if...” Toronto Star, “Arctic Heroine Wins Where Strong Men Fail,” September 7, 1923

  241 “I had hard...” The Literary Digest, December 8,1923

  241 “Knight—he dead...” The Literary Digest, December 8,1923

  241 “After Knight die...” The Literary Digest, December 8,1923

  242 “Such was the...” The Literary Digest, December 8,1923

  242 “The white man’s...” Noice, With Stefansson in the Arctic, pp. 160–161

  242 “I’m sorry I...” The Literary Digest, December 8,1923

  244 “Nome, Alaska, Aug...” The Adventure of Wrangel Island, p. 168

  245 Ada was anxious... Interview with John Tetpon, nephew of Ada Blackjack, January 27,2003

  245 The first female... Bernard Grun, The Timetables of History

  246 “It was no...” Ada’s statement to E. R. Jordan, p. 6, Adventure of Wrangel Island

  246 “Crawford’s death is...” Twin Falls News, “Pays Tribute to American,” September 2, 1923

  246 “One good hunter...” New York Times, “Wrangell Island Tragedy,” September 3, 1923

  246 “prevent, as far...” Adventure of Wrangel Island, p. 360

  247 “I knew even...” Adventure of Wrangel Island, p. 360

  247 “minimize the...” Stefansson, telegram to D. M. Le Bourdais, September 5, 1923, DART

  247 “We must keep...” Stefansson to Harold Noice, September 12, 1923, DART

  248 “Life looked so...” Toronto Star, “Mother Had a Premonition She Would Not See Son Again,” September 1, 1923

  248 “He was her...” Toronto Star, “Mother Had a Premonition She Would Not See Son Again,” September 1, 1923

  249 “Deepest sympathy...” Stefansson, telegram to J. T. Crawford, undated, DART

  249 “He was a...” Toronto Star, “Mother Had a Premonition She Would Not See Son Again,” September 1, 1923

  250 “Deepest sympathy...” Unnamed newspaper clipping, “Relief Expedition Says Maurer Dead,” September 1, 1923, MR

  251 “The Arctic has...” Seattle Daily Times,“Seattle Man Hero of Arctic,” September 2, 1923

  251 “We deeply regret...” A. J. T. Taylor and John Anderson, telegram to Harry and Alma Galle, September 3, 1923, LAW

  251 “Deepest sympathy...” J. T. Crawford, telegram to Harry and Alma Galle, September 3, 1923, LAW

  253 “they died in...” J.I. Knight to Harry and Alma Galle, September 3, 1923, LAW

  253 “this does me...” J.I. Knight to Harry and Alma Galle, September 3, 1923, LAW

  254 “The ordeal is...” J.I. Knight to Harry and Alma Galle, September 3, 1923, LAW

  254 “It seems to...” J.I. Knight to Stefansson, September 5, 1923, LAW

  254 “as steel” J. I. Knight to Stefansson, September 5, 1923, LAW

  255 “How I wish...” J.I. Knight to Stefansson, September 5, 1923, LAW

  PART V

  259 “There was nothing...” “Lady in the Moon,” as told to Inglis Fletcher by Ada Blackjack, IFP

  260 “Montreal Standard ...” Montreal Standard, “Mr. Stefansson Shows Results,” September 9, 1923

  SIXTEEN

  262 “In view of...” Toronto Star, “Stefansson Still Has Hopes That Allan Crawford’s Alive,” September 11, 1923

  262 “Is Allan Crawford...” Toronto Star, “Trip Wrangel Id. to Siberia 110 Miles, Required 17 Days,” September 4, 1923

  262 “The first thing...” Toronto Star, “Should Not Give Up Hope of Finding Crawford Alive,” September 4, 1923

  263 “Maurer’s family...” Toronto Star, “Ask U.S. to Send Ship to Look for Crawford,” September 10, 1923

  264 “behalf of Milton...” B. F. Nebergall to Hon. Charles Evans Hughes, September 6,1923, LAW

  264 “If you can...” B.F. Nebergall to Hon. Morris Sheppard, September 6, 1923, LAW

  264 “I wish to...” Harry M. Wurzbach to B. F. Nebergall, September 10, 1923, LAW

  264 “I am at...” C.B. Hudspeth to Emil Heinen, September 11, 1923, LAW

  264 “I shall be...” Morris Sheppard to B. F. Nebergall, September 14, 1923, LAW

  265 “all the love...” J.I. Knight to Harry Galle, September 20, 1923, LAW

  265 “No information...” William Phillips, Acting Secretary of State, to Morris Sheppard, September 19, 1923, LAW

  266 “He further stated...” Kate George to Hon. Emil Heinen, September 19, 1923, LAW

  266 “Certainly we cannot...” Unnamed newspaper article, “Should Not Give Up Hope of Finding Crawford Alive,” September 4, 1923

  266 “It is hard...” Telegraph, “University Is Opened: Tribute to A. Crawford,” September 26, 1923

  267 “Grotesque fallacy...” Saturday Night, “The Un-Friendly Arctic,” September 15, 1923

  268 “Could a land...” The Varsity,“Allan Crawford and ‘The Friendly Arctic,’ ” September 28, 1923

  268 “Wrangel Island is . . .” The Globe and Mail, “Gallant Allan Crawford,” September 3, 1923

  268 “No one can...” Saturday Night, “The Un-Friendly Arctic,” September 15, 1923

  268 “We have no...” Unnamed and undated newspaper article, “Siberia Asked to Help Search for Crawford,” LAW

  269 “There have been...” Toronto Mail & Empire, “Have Furled Flag On Wrangel Island,” September 8, 1923

  269 “Crawford crossed to...” Toronto Star, “Stefansson Still Has Hope That Allan Crawford’s Alive,” September 11, 1923

  269 “As to the...” Toronto Star, “Shatters Faint Hope of Finding Men Still Alive,” September 10, 1923

  270 “So we must...” John Maurer to Harry Galle, October 15, 1923, LAW

  270 “Don’t you know...” Mae Belle Anderson to Helen Crawford, November 14, 1923, NAC

  270 “I am sincerely...” Delphine Maurer to Stefansson, October 24, 1923, DART

  272 “Unfortunately you...” Stefansson, telegram to J. I. Knight, October 22, 1923, DART

  272 “The expedition did...” Stefansson to J. I. Knight, October 23, 1923, DART

  273 “I do not...” J.I. Knight to Harry Galle, September 20, 1923, LAW

  274 “They seemed to...” J. I. Knight to Stefansson, October 12, 1923, DART

  275 “There are hundreds...” Harry Galle to Mr. Scarborough, September 25, 1923, LAW

  276 “I blame Steffanson[sic]...” Dora (last name unknown) to Harry and Alma Galle, September 25,1923, LAW

  276 “Evidently,” Miss Wilcox... Olive Wilcox to Alma Galle, October 11, 1923, LAW

  278 “Other miscarriages...” London Times, “Wrangel Island Tragedy,” October 9, 1923

  278 “It seems also...” London Times, “Wrangel Island Tragedy,” October 9, 1923

  278 “The unaccountable...” London Times, “Wrangel Island Tragedy,” October 9, 1923

  279 “The blow is...” J.T. Crawford to Stefansson, November 28, 1923, DART

  281 Pathfinder of ... Pathfinder of Alaska, “Russia and Wrangell Island,” September 1, 1923

  SEVENTEEN

  282 “I wonder what...” Mae Belle Anderson to Helen Crawford, November 8, 1923, NAC

  282 To Ada, Seattle... The Adventure of Wrangel Island, pp. 344–345

  284 “prostituted it as...” J. I. Knight to Harold Noice, November 1923, unsent letter, DART

  284 “You are playing...” J. I. Knight to Harold Noice, November 1923, unsent letter, DART

  287 “For some years...” Mae Belle Anderson to Helen Craw
ford, December 29, 1923, NAC

  287 “He could have...” Mae Belle Anderson to Helen Crawford, February 6, 1924, NAC

  288 “I am glad...” Mae Belle Anderson to Helen Crawford, November 4, 1923, NAC

  288 “make out that...” Mae Belle Anderson to Helen Crawford, November 8, 1923, NAC

  288 “Let us devote...” J.I. Knight to Helen Crawford, November 10, 1923, LAW

  288 “They all bring...” J.I. Knight to the Crawfords, Galles and Maurers, January 31,1924, LAW

  288 “To commemorate...” J. I. Knight to Helen Crawford, November 10, 1923, LAW

  289 “gather flowers and...” J. I. Knight to Helen Crawford, December 5, 1923, LAW

  290 “We regret that...” Alma Galle to Stefansson, December 29, 1923, DART

  292 “closed up like...” J.I. Knight to Stefansson, December 3, 1923, DART

  294 “Why did Noice...” J. I. Knight to Stefansson, December 3, 1923, DART

  296 “This is a...” J.I. Knight to the Galles, December 17, 1923, LAW

  297 “Well, I must...” J.I. Knight to the Galles, December 17, 1923, LAW

  298 “Noice saved my...” J. I. Knight to Stefansson, December 17, 1923, LAW

  299 “could teach some...” J. I. Knight to Stefansson, December 17, 1923, LAW

  299 “nearer to us...” J.I. Knight to Stefansson, December 17, 1923, LAW

  300 “What a lot...” J.I. Knight to Stefansson, December 17, 1923, LAW

  300 “she was the...” J.I. Knight to the Galles, December 17, 1923, LAW

  301 “Damn. That makes...” J. I. Knight to the Galles, December 17, 1923, LAW

  301 “You are all...” J.I. and Georgia Knight to Ada Black-jack, December 18,1923, LAW

  304 “We hereby designate...” September 1 agreement between families, January 1,1924, LAW

  305 He offered her... H. G. Jones, “Ada Blackjack and the Wrangel Island Tragedy,” Terre Incognitae, Volume 31, 1999

  305 “I will tell...” The Adventure of Wrangel Island, p. 373

  306 “January 1924...” Alma Galle to Ada Blackjack, January 1924 (undated), rough draft, LAW

  307 “Seattle, Jan. 30...” Ada Blackjack to Alma Galle, January 30, 1924, LAW

  EIGHTEEN

  309 “her statements...” Statement by John Allison, p. 6, DART

  309 “Knowing my sister...” Statement by John Allison, p. 6, DART

  310 “I sensed...” Statement by John Allison, p. 8, DART

  311 “too much trouble...” Inglis Fletcher to Stefansson, February 6, 1924, DART

 
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