Britain's Royal Families: The Complete Genealogy by Alison Weir

2 Stillborn son; he was born on 5 November, 1817, at Claremont House, Esher, Surrey, and was buried in St George’s Chapel, Windsor.

  Charlotte died on 6 November, 1817, at Claremont House, Esher, Surrey, in childbed, and was buried in St George’s Chapel, Windsor.

  George IV also had the following illegitimate issue:

  By Grace Darymple, Mrs Elliott:

  1 Georgina Frederica Augusta (?) (b.1782). She may have been the daughter of Lord Cholmondeley.

  By Elizabeth Milbanke, Viscountess Melbourne (d.1818):

  2 George (b.1784). Perhaps died young.

  GEORGE IV

  He died on 26 June, 1830, at Windsor Castle, and was buried in St George’s Chapel, Windsor.

  He was succeeded by his brother William.

  William IV

  * * *

  FATHER: George III ( see here)

  MOTHER: Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz ( see here, under George III).

  SIBLINGS: ( see here, under George III).

  WILLIAM IV

  Baptised William Henry, he was born on 21 August, 1765, at Buckingham Palace. He was made a Knight of the Thistle on 5 April, 1770, and a Knight of the Garter on 19 April, 1782. He was created Duke of Clarence and St Andrews, and Earl of Munster on 20 May, 1789. He succeeded his brother George IV as King of Great Britain on 26 June, 1830, and was crowned on 8 September, 1831, at Westminster Abbey.

  William IV married, on 13 July, 1818, at Kew Palace, Surrey:

  Adelaide Louisa Theresa Caroline Amelia

  She was the daughter of George I (Frederick Charles), Duke of Saxe-Meiningen, by Louisa Eleanor, daughter of Christian Albert Louis, Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg, and she was born on 13 August, 1792, at Meiningen, Thuringia, Germany. She was crowned Queen Consort on 8 September, 1831, at Westminster Abbey. She died on 2 December, 1849, at Bentley Priory, Stanmore, Middlesex, and was buried in St George’s Chapel, Windsor.

  Issue of marriage

  1 Charlotte Augusta Louise

  She was born on 27 March, 1819, at the Fürstenhof Palace, Hanover, and died the same day. She was buried at Hanover, Germany.

  2 Stillborn child

  It was born on 5 September, 1819, at Dunkirk, France.

  3 Elizabeth Georgina Adelaide

  She was born on 10 December, 1820, at St James’s Palace, London, where she died on 4 March, 1821. She was buried in St George’s Chapel, Windsor.

  4 Stillborn child

  It was born in the spring of 1822 at Bushey Park, Middlesex.

  5 Stillborn twins

  They were born in 1824.

  William IV also had the following illegitimate issue:

  By Caroline von Linsingen (who alleged that William married her in 1784/5 or c.1790, in secret; this is very unlikely, although not impossible):

  1 William (1784/5–drowned 1807).

  By Dorothea Bland, Mrs Jordan (1761–1816):

  2 George Augustus Frederick FitzClarence, Earl of Munster (1794–committed suicide 1842); he married Mary, illegitimate daughter of George Wyndham, 3rd Earl of Egremont, and had issue.

  3 Henry Edward FitzClarence (1795–1817).

  4 Sophia FitzClarence (1796–1837); she married Philip Charles Sidney, 1st Baron de Lisle and Dudley of Penshurst (1800–1851).

  5 Mary FitzClarence (1798–1864); she married Charles Richard Fox.

  6 Frederick FitzClarence (1799–1854); he married Augusta Boyle.

  7 Elizabeth FitzClarence (1801–1856); she married William George Hay, 18th Earl of Erroll (1801–1846), and had issue.

  8 Adolphus FitzClarence (1802–1856).

  9 Augusta FitzClarence (1803–1865); she married firstly John Kennedy Erskine, and had issue, and secondly John, Lord Gordon.

  10 Augustus FitzClarence, Rector of Mapledurham (1805–1854); he married Sarah Elizabeth Katherine Gordon.

  11 Amelia FitzClarence (1807–1858); she married Lucius Bentinck Carey, 10th Viscount Falkland (1803–1884), and had issue.

  WILLIAM IV

  He died on 20 June, 1837, at Windsor Castle, and was buried in St George’s Chapel, Windsor.

  He was succeeded by his niece Victoria.

  Queen Victoria

  * * *

  FATHER: Edward, Duke of Kent ( see here, under George III).

  MOTHER: Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfield ( see here, under George III).

  SIBLINGS: Queen Victoria did not have any full siblings.

  QUEEN VICTORIA

  Baptised Alexandrina Victoria, she was born on 24 May, 1819, at Kensington Palace, London. She succeeded William IV, her uncle, as Queen of Great Britain on 20 June, 1837, and was crowned on 28 June, 1838, at Westminster Abbey. She was declared Empress of India on 1 May, 1876, and proclaimed as such on 1 January, 1877, at Delhi, India.

  Queen Victoria married, on 10 February, 1840, at the Chapel Royal, St James’s Palace, London:

  Albert Francis Charles Augustus Emmanuel

  He was the son of Ernest I, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, by Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg, and he was born on 26 August, 1819, at the Marble Hall, Schloss Rosenau, Coburg, Germany. He was made a Knight of the Garter on 16 December, 1839. He was created Prince Consort by Letters Patent on 26 June, 1857, and proclaimed as such the same day. He died on 14 December, 1861, at Windsor Castle, of typhoid, and was buried in St George’s Chapel Windsor (in the Albert Memorial Chapel). His remains were later removed to the Royal Mausoleum, Frogmore, Windsor.

  Issue of marriage:

  1 Victoria Adelaide Mary Louise

  She was born on 21 November, 1840, at Buckingham Palace, and was designated Princess Royal from birth. She married Prince Frederick William Nicholas Charles of Prussia, afterwards Frederick III, Emperor of Prussia (1831–1888), on 25 January, 1858, at the Chapel Royal, St James’s Palace, London, and had issue:

  1 William II (Frederick William Albert Victor), Emperor of Germany (1859–1941); he married Augusta Victoria Louisa Feodora Jenny (1858–1921), daughter of Frederick, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein, and had issue. He married secondly, Hermine (1887–1947), daughter of Henry XXII, Duke of Reuss.

  2 Victoria Elizabeth Augusta Charlotte (1860–1919); she married Bernhard III, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen (1851–1928), and had issue.

  3 Albert William Henry (1862–1929); he married Irene Louise Mary Anne (1866–1953), daughter of Louis IV, Grand Duke of Hesse-Darmstadt, by Alice, daughter of Queen Victoria ( below), and had issue.

  4 Francis Frederick Sigmund (1864–1866).

  5 Frederica Wilhelmina Amelia Victoria (1866–1929); she married firstly Prince Adolphus William of Schaumburg-Lippe (1856–1916), and secondly Alexander Alexandrovich Zubka (1900–1936).

  6 Joachim Frederick Ernest Waldemar (1868–1879).

  7 Sophia Dorothea Ulrica Alice (1870–1932); she married Constantine I, King of Greece (1868–1923), and had issue.

  8 Margaret Beatrice Feodora (1872–1954); she married Frederick Charles, Landgrave of Hesse (1868–1940), and had issue.

  Victoria died on 5 August, 1901, at the Friedrichshof Palace, Krönberg, Germany, of cancer, and was buried in the Friedenskirche, Potsdam, Germany.

  2 Edward VII ( see here).

  3 Alice Maud Mary

  She was born on 25 April, 1843, at Buckingham Palace. She married Louis IV, Grand Duke of Hesse-Darmstadt and the Rhine, and Duke of Saxony (1837–1892) on 1 July, 1862, at Osborne House, Isle of Wight, and had issue:

  1 Ernest Louis Albert Charles William (1868–1937), Grand Duke of Hesse-Darmstadt and the Rhine; he married Princess Victoria of Edinburgh (1876–1936), granddaughter of Queen Victoria ( see here), and had issue, although they were afterwards divorced. He married secondly Eleanor Ernestine Marie of Solms-Hohensolmslich (1871–1937), and had issue. Both he and his second wife were killed in air crashes.

  2 Frederick William Augustus Victor Leopold Louis (1870–1873). He was killed falling out of an upstairs window.

  3 Victoria Alberta Elizabeth Matilda Mary (1863–1950); she married Prince Louis Al
exander of Battenberg (who changed his name to Mountbatten in 1917), 1st Marquess of Milford Haven (1854–1921), and had issue, including Lord Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma (1900–assassinated by the I.R.A. in 1979).

  4 Elizabeth Alexandra Louise Alice (assumed name Elizabeth Federovna upon marriage) (1864–assassinated 1918 during the Russian Revolution); she married Grand Duke Serge of Russia (1857–murdered 1905).

  5 Irene Louise Marie Anne (1866–1953); she married Prince Albert William Henry of Prussia (1862–1929), son of the Princess Royal, eldest daughter of Queen Victoria ( see here), and had issue.

  6 Alice Victoria Helena Louise Beatrice (assumed name Alexandra Federovna upon marriage) (1872–1918: murdered during the Russian Revolution); she married Nicholas II, Tsar of all the Russias (1868–assassinated 1918 by the Bolsheviks), and had issue, all of whom were assassinated during the Russian Revolution.

  7 Mary Victoria Feodora Leopoldine (1874–1878); she died of diphtheria.

  Alice died on 14 December, 1878, at Darmstadt, of diphtheria, and was buried in the Mausoleum of Rosenhöhe, Hesse-Darmstadt, Germany.

  4 Alfred Ernest Albert

  He was born on 6 August, 1844, at Windsor Castle. He was made a Knight of the Garter on 24 May, 1863, and was created Duke of Edinburgh, Earl of Kent and Earl of Ulster on 24 May, 1866. He succeeded his father’s brother Ernest as reigning Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha on 22 August, 1893. He died on 30 July, 1900, at Schloss Rosenau, Coburg, Germany, of cancer, and was buried in the cemetery of Coburg.

  Alfred married, on 23 January, 1874, at the Winter Palace, St Petersburg, Russia:

  Marie Alexandrovna

  She was the daughter of Alexander II, Tsar of all the Russias, by Marie Alexandrovna, daughter of Louis II, Grand Duke of Hesse and the Rhine, and she was born on 5 or 17 October, 1853, at Tsarskoie-Selo, Russia (or, less probably, at St Petersburg, Russia). She died on 5 or 24 October, 1920, at Zürich, Switzerland.

  Issue of marriage:

  (i) Alfred Alexander William Ernest Albert

  He was born on 15 October, 1874, either at Buckingham Palace, or at Eastwell Park, Kent. He became a Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha upon the accession of his father to the ducal throne on 22 August, 1893, and he was made a Knight of the Garter on 23 April, 1894. He never married. He shot himself on 6 February, 1899, at Meran, in the Austrian Tyrol (or, much less probably, at Coburg), and was buried in the Castle church at Friedenstein, near Gotha, Germany.

  (ii) Marie Alexandra Victoria

  She was born on 29 October, 1875, at Eastwell Park, Kent. She married Ferdinand I (Albert Meinrad), King of Romania (1865–1927), on 10 January, 1893, at Sigmaringen Castle, Romania, and had issue:

  1 Charles II, King of Romania (1893–1953); he married firstly Joanna Maria Valentina (known as Zizi) (1898–1953), daughter of Constantine Lambrino; they were divorced in 1919. He married secondly Helen (1896–1982), daughter of Constantine I, King of Greece, and had issue; they were divorced in 1928. He married thirdly Elena Magda (1902–1977), daughter of Nicholas Lepescu.

  2 Elizabeth Charlotte Josephine Victoria Alexandra (1894–1956); she married George II, King of Greece (1890–1947), but they were divorced in 1935.

  3 Marie (1900–1961); she married Alexander I, King of Yugoslavia (1891–murdered 1934), and had issue.

  4 Nicholas (b.1903); he married firstly Joanna Dolete (1909–1963), daughter of John Dumitrescu-Tohani, and secondly Theresa Lisboa Figueria (b.1913), daughter of Jeronymo de Avellar Figueira de Mello.

  5 Ileana (b.1909); she married firstly Anton, Archduke of Austria-Tuscany (b.1901), and had issue; they were divorced in 1954. She married secondly Stephen Issarescu (b.1906). She is now a nun, and is known as Mother Alexandra of the Monastery of the Transfiguration, Ellwood City, P.A., U.S.A.

  6 Mircea (1913–1916).

  Marie died on 18 July, 1938, at Peles Castle, Sinaia, Romania.

  (iii) Victoria Melita

  She was born on 25 November, 1876, at the Palace of San Antonio, Malta. She married firstly Ernest Louis, Grand Duke of Hesse-Darmstadt and the Rhine (1868–1937) (son of Alice, daughter of Queen Victoria – above) on 19 April, 1894, at Schloss Ehrenburg, Coburg, Germany, and had issue:

  1 Elizabeth Mary Alice Victoria (1895–1903).

  2 Unnamed son (b.&d. 1900).

  3 Miscarriage.

  Victoria was divorced from Ernest on 21 December, 1901. She married secondly Grand Duke Kyrill Vladimirovitch of Russia (1876–1938) on 8 October, 1905, at Tegernsee, and had issue:

  1 Marie Kirillovna (1907–1951); she married Frederick Charles Edward Erwin, 6th Fürst of Leiningen (1898–1946), and had issue.

  2 Kira Kirillovna (1909–1967); she married Louis Ferdinand, Prince of Prussia (b.1907), and had issue.

  3 Vladimir Kirillovitch (b.1917); he married Leonida Georgievna, Princess Bagration-Monkhransky (b.1913), and had issue.

  Victoria died on 2 March, 1936, at Amorbach, Germany.

  (iv) Alexandra Louise Olga Victoria

  She was born on 1 September, 1878, at Coburg, Germany. She married Ernest William Frederick Charles Maximilian, 7th Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg (1863–1950), on 20 April, 1896, at Coburg, and had issue:

  1 Godfrey Victor Hermann Alfred Paul Maximilian, 8th Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg (1897–1960); he married Margaret (1905–1981), daughter of Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark and sister of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, and had issue.

  2 Marie Melita Leopoldine Victoria Feodora Alexandra Sophia (1899–1967); she married William Frederick, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Glücksburg, and had issue.

  3 Alexandra Beatrice Leopoldine (1901–1963).

  4 Irma Helena (b.1902).

  5 Alfred (b.&d.1911).

  Alexandra died on 16 April, 1942, at Schwäbisch-Hall, Württemburg, Germany.

  (v) Unnamed daughter

  She was born on 13 October, 1879, at Eastwell Park, Kent, and died the same day. She may have been stillborn.

  (vi) Beatrice Leopoldine Victoria

  She was born on 20 April, 1884, at Eastwell Park, Kent. She married Alfonso Maria Francisco Antonio Diego, Infante of Spain and 3rd Duke of Galliera (1886–1975), on 15 July, 1909, at Schloss Rosenau, Coburg, Germany, and had issue:

  1 Alvaro Antonio Fernando Carlos Felipe, Prince of Orléans (b.1910); he married Carla Delfino (b.1909), and had issue.

  2 Alonso Maria Cristino Justo (1912–killed 1936).

  3 Ataulfo Alejando Isabelo Carlos (b.1913).

  Beatrice died on 13 July, 1966, at Sanlucar de Barrameda, Spain.

  5 Helena Augusta Victoria

  She was born on 23 or 25 May, 1846, at Buckingham Palace. She married Christian, Prince of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg (1831–1917), on 5 July, 1866, at the Private Chapel, Windsor Castle, and had issue:

  1 Christian Victor Albert Louis Ernest Anthony (1867–1900).

  2 Albert John Charles Frederick Alfred George, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein (1869–1931).

  3 Victoria Louise Sophia Augusta Amelia Helena (1870–1948).

  4 Franzisca Josepha Louise Augusta Marie Christina Helena (known as Princess Marie Louise) (1872–1956); she married Aribert Joseph Alexander, Prince of Anhalt (1864–1933); they were divorced in 1900.

  5 Frederick Christian Augustus Leopold Edward Harold (b.&d.1876).

  6 Unnamed son (b.&d.1877).

  Helena died on 9 June, 1923, at Schomberg House, Pall Mall, London, and was buried at Frogmore, Windsor.

  6 Louise Caroline Alberta

  She was born on 18 March, 1848, at Buckingham Palace. She married John George Edward Henry Douglas Sutherland Campbell, Marquess of Lorne, later 9th Duke of Argyll (1845–1914), on 21 March, 1871, at St George’s Chapel, Windsor. She died on 3 December, 1939, at Kensington Palace, London, and was cremated at Golders Green Crematorium, her ashes being buried at Frogmore, Windsor.

  7 Arthur William Patrick Albert

  He was born on 1 May, 1850, at Buckingham Palace.
He was made a Knight of the Garter on 24 May, 1867, and a Knight of the Thistle on 24 May, 1869. He was created Duke of Connaught and Strathearn and Earl of Sussex on 24 May, 1874. He died on 16 January, 1942, at Bagshot Park, Surrey, and was buried in the Royal Mausoleum, Frogmore, Windsor.

  Arthur married, on 13 March, 1879, at St George’s Chapel, Windsor:

  Louise Marguerite Alexandra Victoria Agnes

  She was the daughter of Prince Frederick Charles Nicholas of Prussia by Mary Anne, daughter of Leopold Frederick, Duke of Anhalt-Dessau, and she was born on 25 July, 1860, at Marmorpalais (Marble Palace), near Potsdam, Germany. She died on 14 March, 1917, at Clarence House, London, and was buried in the Royal Mausoleum, Frogmore, Windsor.

  Issue of marriage:

  (i) Margaret Victoria Augusta Charlotte Norah

  She was born on 15 January, 1882, at Bagshot Park, Surrey. She married (Oscar Frederick William Olaf) Gustavus Adolphus VI, King of Sweden (1882–1973), on 15 June, 1905, at St George’s Chapel, Windsor, and had issue:

  1 Gustavus Adolphus Oscar Frederick Arthur Edmund (1906–1947); he married Sybilla Calma Marie Alice Bathildis Feodora of Saxe-Coburg (1908–1972), and had issue.

 
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