Britain's Royal Families: The Complete Genealogy by Alison Weir


  1 Edward I, Count of Bar (1294–1337); he drowned in a shipwreck. He married Mary (1298һc.1310), daughter of Robert, Duke of Burgundy, and had issue.

  2 Joan (1295–1361); she married John de Warenne, Earl of Surrey (1286–1347), and had issue. She was divorced in 1315.

  3 Eleanor (?); she is said to have married Llywelyn ap Owen of Deheubarth, and to have had issue, but this is doubtful.

  Eleanor died on 12 October, 1298, at Ghent in Flanders, and was buried in Westminster Abbey.

  2 Joan

  She was born in the summer of 1265, either in Paris or perhaps at Abbeville, Ponthieu. She died before 7 September, 1265, in France, and was buried in Westminster Abbey.

  3 John

  He was born on 10 June or 10 July, 1266, either at Windsor Castle, or at Kenilworth Castle, Warwickshire, or at Winchester. He died on 1 or 3 August, 1271/2, at the Palace of Westminster, and was buried in Westminster Abbey.

  4 Henry

  He was born on 13 July, 1267/8, at Windsor Castle. He died on 14 October, 1274, either at Merton, Surrey, or at Guildford Castle, Surrey, and was buried in Westminster Abbey.

  5 Alice

  She is said to have been born at Woodstock Palace, Oxon., but the date of her birth is unknown. The Harleian MSS. say she died at the age of 12. Some historians have identified her with the child born to the King and Queen in March, 1279, but this cannot be correct, as that infant’s funeral at Westminster Abbey took place during the same year ( Isabella, below).

  6 Juliana or Katherine

  She was born in 1271 at Acre, Palestine, and died there on 28 May or 5 September, 1271. She is perhaps the daughter who is buried in the Church of the Friars Preachers, Bordeaux, Gascony.

  7 Joan

  She was born in Spring, 1272, at Acre, Palestine. She married firstly Gilbert de Clare, 3rd Earl of Gloucester and 7th Earl of Hertford (1243–1295), on 30 April, 1290, at Westminster Abbey, and had issue:

  1 Gilbert, Earl of Gloucester and Hertford (1291–1314: killed at the Battle of Bannockburn); he married Matilda (d.1320), daughter of Richard de Burgh, Earl of Ulster, and had issue.

  2 Eleanor (1292–1337); she married firstly Hugh le Despenser (executed 1326), and had issue. She married secondly Sir William la Zouche de Mortimer of Ashby, Leics. (d.1337).

  3 Margaret (1293–1342); she married firstly Piers Gaveston, Earl of Cornwall (1284?–executed 1312), and had issue. She married secondly Hugh de Audley, Earl of Gloucester (1289?–1347), and had issue.

  4 Elizabeth (1295–1360); she married firstly John de Burgh (d.1313), and had issue. She married secondly Sir Theobald de Verdon of Alton, Staffs. (1278–1316), and had issue. She married thirdly Roger, Baron d’Amory (d.1322), and had issue.

  Joan married secondly Ralph, 1st Baron de Monthermer, Earl of Gloucester and Earl of Atholl (d.1325), before July, 1297, and had issue:

  5 Thomas, 2nd Baron Monthermer (1301–1340: killed at the Battle of Sluys); he married Margaret Teyes (d.1349), and had issue.

  6 Edward, 3rd Baron Monthermer (1304–1340).

  7 Mary (1298–after 1371); she married Duncan, 10th Earl of Fife (1285–1353), and had issue.

  8 Joan (b.1299); a nun at Amesbury Abbey, Wilts.

  Joan died on 23 April, 1307, at her manor of Clare, Suffolk, and was buried in the Priory Church of the Austin Friars, Clare, Suffolk.

  8 Alfonso

  He was born on 24 November, 1273, either at Bayonne or at Bordeaux, Gascony, or in Maine. He was perhaps designated Earl of Chester in 1284. He died on 14 or 19 August, 1284, at Windsor Castle, and was buried in Westminster Abbey.

  9 Margaret

  She was born on 11 September, 1275, at Windsor Castle. She married John II ‘the Peaceful’, Duke of Brabant (d.1312), on 8 July, 1290, at Westminster Abbey, and had issue:

  1 John III ‘the Triumphant’, Duke of Brabant (1300–1355); he married Mary (d.1335), daughter of Louis of France, Count of Evreux, and had issue.

  Margaret died in 1318, and was buried in the Collegiate Church of St Gudule, Brussels.

  10 Berengaria or Berenice

  She was born in 1276 at Kempton Palace, Surrey, and died between 1276 and 1279. She was buried in Westminster Abbey.

  11 Mary

  She was born on 11 March or 22 April, 1278, at Windsor Castle. She entered Amesbury Abbey, Wiltshire, as a novice in 1284, being there professed as a nun on 15 August, 1285. She died before 8 July, 1332, at Amesbury Abbey, where she was buried.

  12 Isabella

  She was born on 12 March, 1279, probably at Woodstock Palace, Oxon., or at Windsor Castle, or at Marlborough Castle, Wiltshire. She died in 1279, and was buried in Westminster Abbey.

  13 Elizabeth

  She was born in August, 1282, at Rhuddlan Castle, Flintshire, Wales. She married firstly John I, Count of Holland and Zeeland (d.1299), on 18 January, 1296/7, at Ipswich Priory Church, Suffolk. She married secondly Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford and Essex (1276?–1322), on 14 November, 1302, at Westminster Abbey, and had issue:

  1 Hugh or Humphrey (1303?–1305).

  2 Eleanor (1304–1363); she married firstly James Butler, 1st Earl of Ormonde (1305?–1338), and had issue. She married secondly Sir Thomas de Dagworth (1276–murdered 1350), and had issue.

  3 Mary or Margaret (b.&d.1305).

  4 John, Earl of Hereford and Essex (1306–1336); he married firstly Alice, daughter of Edmund FitzAlan, Earl of Arundel, and had issue, and secondly Margaret (d. after 1347), daughter of Ralph, Lord Bassett of Drayton.

  5 Humphrey, Earl of Hereford and Essex (1309–1361).

  6 William, Earl of Northampton (1310/12–1360); he married Elizabeth (1313–1356), daughter of Bartholemew de Badlesmere, and had issue.

  7 Edward, twin of William (1310/12–drowned 1334); he married Margaret (d.1341), daughter of William, Baron de Ros.

  8 Edmund; he married Matilda, daughter of Nicholas de Segrave, Baron of Stowe.

  9 Eneas (1313/15–before 1343).

  10 Margaret (d.1391); she married Hugh de Courtenay, Earl of Devon (1303–1377), and had issue.

  11 Isabella (b.&d.1316).

  Elizabeth died on c.5 May, 1316 at Quendon, Essex, in childbirth, and was buried in Walden Abbey, Essex.

  14 Edward II ( see here).

  15 Beatrice

  She was born after August, 1286, either in Gascony or in Aquitaine. She died young.

  16 Blanche

  She was born in 1289/90, and died young.

  Edward I married secondly, on 8 or 10 September, 1299, at Canterbury Cathedral, Kent:

  Margaret

  She was the daughter of Philip III, King of France, by Mary, daughter of Henry III, Duke of Brabant, and she was born around 1279/82 in Paris. Margaret was never crowned. She died on 14 February, 1317/18, at Marlborough Castle, Wiltshire, and was buried in Greyfriars Church, Newgate, London. Her tomb was lost during the Reformation.

  Issue of marriage:

  1 Thomas

  He was born on 1 June, 1300, at Brotherton, Yorkshire, and was created Earl of Norfolk on 16 December, 1312. He died between 4 August and 20 September, 1338, and was buried in the Abbey of Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk.

  Thomas married firstly, between c.1316 and 1320 (although no evidence exists as to where):

  Alice

  She was the daughter of Sir Roger Halys or Hales of Harwich, Essex. She died after 8 May, 1326, and before 1330.

  Issue of marriage:

  (i) Edward

  He was born in c.1319/20, and died before 13 September, 1337, perhaps in 1332 (?).

  Edward married, in May/June, 1328 (although no evidence exists as to where):

  Beatrice

  She was the daughter of Roger Mortimer, Earl of March, by Joan, daughter of Peter de Genville. After the death of Edward, she married secondly Thomas de Braose, Lord Brewes, in c.1334 (before 13 September, 1337), and had issue:

  1 Beatrice; she married William de Say, Baron Say (1340–1375), and had issue.

  2 John,
a knight (d.1367); he married Elizabeth de Montacute.

  3 Thomas, a knight (d.1395).

  4 Peter.

  5 Elizabeth.

  6 Joan.

  Beatrice died on 16 October, 1383.

  (ii) Margaret

  Known as ‘Margaret Marshal’, as the Dukes of Norfolk have always held the office of Earl Marshal of England, she was born around 1320/22. She married firstly John de Segrave, 4th Baron de Segrave (1306 or 1315–1353), after 3 March, 1327, and probably in 1337/8, and had issue:

  1 Elizabeth (1338–1375/6); she married John, 4th Baron Mowbray of Axholme, Lincs. (1340–killed 1368), and had issue.

  2 Anne, Abbess of Barking (d.c.1377).

  Margaret succeeded her father as Countess of Norfolk between August and 20 September, 1338. She married secondly Walter, 1st Baron de Mauny or Manny (d.1372), before 30 May, 1354, and had issue:

  3 Thomas (drowned in infancy before 1371/2).

  4 Anne (1354–1384); she married John Hastings, 2nd Earl of Pembroke (1347–1375), who had married previously Margaret, daughter of Edward III, and had issue.

  Margaret was created Duchess of Norfolk for life on 29 September, 1397. She died on 24 March, 1399/1400, and was buried either in the Charterhouse, London, or in Greyfriars Church, Newgate, London.

  (iii) Alice

  She was born in c.1324. She married Edward de Montacute, 1st Baron Montacute (c.1304–1361), before 16 January, 1339, and possibly before 29 August, 1338, and had issue:

  1 Elizabeth (b.1344): she married either Walter de Ufford or Sir John de Braose (d.1367)

  2 Margaret (c.1347–before 1351/2).

  3 Joan (1349–1375); she married William de Ufford, 2nd Earl of Suffolk (1339?–1382), and had issue.

  4 Matilda (c.1350–1394); a nun, later Abbess of Barking.

  Alice died probably between 14 November, 1351, and 30 January, 1352 (certainly before 16 November, 1361), at Bungay, Suffolk, of wounds received as a result of an assault by her husband.

  Thomas married secondly, in c.1328 (although no evidence exists as to where):

  Mary

  She was the daughter of Peter de Braose, and married firstly Ralph, Baron Cobham of Norfolk (d.1326), by whom she had issue:

  1 John (1324–after 1378), Baron Cobham.

  Mary died on 9 June, 1362 (or between 17 April, 1361, and 20 June, 1362).

  Issue of marriage:

  (i) John

  No dates are recorded. He was a monk at Ely Abbey, Cambs.

  2 Edmund

  He was born on 5 August, 1301, at Woodstock Palace, Oxon., and was created Earl of Kent on 28 July, 1321. He was probably styled Earl of Arundel as well, as he held the castle and honour of Arundel, but he was never formally so created. He was executed for supporting his brother, the deposed Edward II, by order of the Regents Mortimer and Queen Isabella, on 19 March, 1330, outside Winchester Castle, and he was buried in the Church of the Dominican Friars, Winchester. His remains were later removed to Westminster Abbey.

  Edmund married, in December, 1325 (after 6 October, date of dispensation) (although no record exists as to where):

  Margaret

  She was the daughter of John Wake, 1st Baron Wake of Liddell, by Joan, daughter either of William de Fenes or of John FitzBernard of Kingsdown, Kent. Margaret was born around c.1299/1300. She married firstly John Comyn, Lord of Badenoch (killed 1314), and had issue:

  1 Aymer (d. young before 1316).

  Margaret succeeded her brother as Baroness Wake of Liddell on 30/31 May, 1349, being first so styled on 20 August, 1349. She died on 29 September, 1349, of the Black Death.

  Issue of marriage:

  (i) Edmund

  He was born in c.1326, and was restored to the earldom of Kent, which had been forfeited by his father, on 7 December, 1330. He died before 5 October, 1331, or on 5 January, 1333 (?).

  (ii) Margaret

  She was born in 1327. She married Amanco, Seigneur d’Albret of Gascony, and died before 1352.

  (iii) Joan

  She married Edward of Woodstock, Prince of Wales (under Edward III, see here).

  (iv) John

  He was born on 7 April, 1330, at Arundel Castle, Sussex, his father’s posthumous child. He succeeded his mother as Baron Wake of Liddell on 29 September, 1349. He was created Earl of Kent on 10 April, 1351. He died on 26/27 December, 1352, and was buried in the Church of the Greyfriars, Winchester, Hants.

  John married, after 3 April, 1348 (date of dispensation) (although no evidence exists as to where):

  Elizabeth

  She was the daughter of William V, Margrave or Duke of Juliers, by Joan, daughter of William V, Count of Hainault and Holland, and sister of Philippa, wife of Edward III. After John’s death, Elizabeth married secondly Sir Eustace d’Aubédcicourt (d.1372/3) on 29 September, 1360, at Wingham Church, Kent, and had issue:

  1 Sanchez.

  2 William.

  After Eustace died, Elizabeth became a nun at Waverley Abbey. She died on 6 June, 1411, and was buried in the Church of the Greyfriars, Winchester, Hants. There was no issue of her first marriage.

  Note: There is no contemporary evidence that the marriage of Edmund, Earl of Kent, and Margaret Wake produced two other sons, Robert and Thomas, who are mentioned in later sources.

  3 Eleanor

  She was born on 4 May, 1306, at Winchester. She died in 1311 at Amesbury Abbey, Wilts., and was buried in Beaulieu Abbey, Hants.

  Edward I is reputed to have had the following illegitimate issue (according to the Hayles Abbey Chronicle), and while this is possible, it is still subject to some doubt:

  By an unknown mother,

  1 John Botetourt, Lord of Mendlesham, Suffolk (c.1265–1324); he married Matilda, daughter of Thomas FitzOates, and had issue.

  EDWARD I

  He died on 7 July, 1307, at Burgh-on-Sands, Northumberland, and was buried in Westminster Abbey.

  He was succeeded by his son Edward.

  Edward II

  * * *

  FATHER: Edward I ( see here).

  MOTHER: Eleanor of Castile (under Edward I, see here).

  SIBLINGS: (under Edward I, see here).

  EDWARD II

  He was born on 25 April, 1284, at Caernarvon Castle, Wales. He succeeded his mother as Count of Ponthieu and Montreuil on 28 November, 1290. He was created and invested as Earl of Chester and Prince of Wales on 7 February, 1301; he was the first English Prince of Wales, and since 1301 the title has usually been granted to the eldest son of the sovereign. The story of Edward being presented by his father to the Welsh on a shield, just after his birth in 1284, is a picturesque fabrication. He was created Duke of Aquitaine in May, 1306. He succeeded his father as King of England on 8 July, 1307, and was crowned on 24/25 February, 1308, in Westminster Abbey.

  Edward II was deposed by an illegally convened ‘Parliament’ on 20 January, 1327, and formally abdicated in favour of his son Edward on 25 January, 1327.

  Edward II married, on 25 or 28 January, 1308, at Boulogne Cathedral, France:

  Isabella

  She was the daughter of Philip IV, King of France, by Joan I, Queen of Navarre, daughter of Blanche of Artois (under Henry III, see here). Isabella was born around 1292/5 in Paris. She was crowned Queen Consort on 24/25 February, 1308, in Westminster Abbey. She was instrumental in plotting the deposition and murder of her husband, and after his abdication she shared the Regency with her lover, Roger Mortimer, Earl of March. When Edward III attained his majority in 1330, the regents were overthrown. Mortimer was executed, and Isabella allowed an honourable retirement from public life. She died on 22 August, 1358, either at Castle Rising, Norfolk, or at Hertford Castle, and was buried in Greyfriars Church, Newgate, London. Her tomb was lost during the Reformation.

  Issue of marriage:

  1 Edward III ( see here).

  2 John

  He was born on c.15 or 25 August, 1316, at Eltham Palace, Kent, and was created Earl of Cornwall between 16 and 31 October, 1328. He died on 13
September, 1336, at Perth, Scotland, and was buried in Westminster Abbey.

  3 Eleanor

  She was born on 18 June, 1318, at Woodstock Palace, Oxon.; she married Reginald II, Count of Gueldres and Zutphen (d.1343), in May, 1332, at Nimeguen, Gueldres, and had issue:

  1 Reginald III, Count of Gueldres (1334–1371); he married Mary (d.1398), daughter of John III, Duke of Brabant.

  2 Edward, Count of Gueldres (1336–1371); he married Katherine (d.1401), daughter of Albert, Duke of Holland and Hainault.

  Eleanor may also have been the mother of the following, although it is more probable that they were the children of Reginald’s first wife, Sophia of Malines (d.1329):

  3 Margaret (d.1344).

  4 Matilda (d.1380); she married firstly Godfrey, Count of Hennenburg, and secondly John, Duke of Cleves; she married thirdly John, Count of Châtillon, Blois.

 
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