Richard III and the Princes in the Tower by Alison Weir


  Macdougall, Norman: James IV (John Donald, Edinburgh, 1989)

  Minster Lovell Hall: Official Handbook (Department of the Environment, HMSO, 1977)

  Palmer, Alan: Princes of Wales (Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1979)

  Palmer, Alan and Veronica: Royal England: A Historical Gazeteer (Methuen, 1983)

  Peck, F.: Desiderata Curiosa (1799) (for the tale of Richard Plantagenet of Eastwell)

  Platt, Colin: The National Trust Guide to Late Mediaeval and Renaissance Britain (National Trust, 1986)

  Platt, Colin: The Traveller’s Guide to Mediaeval England (Secker and Warburg, 1985)

  Poole, Austin Lane: Late Mediaeval England (2 vols, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1958)

  Rae, Dr John: Deaths of the English Kings (1913)

  Robinson, John Martin: The Dukes of Norfolk: A Quincentennial History (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1982)

  Royal Britain (The Automobile Association, 1976)

  Weinreb, Ben and Hibbert, Christopher: The London Encyclopaedia (Macmillan, 1983)

  Westminster Abbey: Official Guide (various editions)

  Wickham, D. E.: Discovering Kings and Queens (Shire Publications, 1973)

  Wilkinson, B.: The Late Middle Ages in England, 1216–1485 (1969)

  For the Wars of the Roses

  Alderman, Clifford Lindsey: Blood Red the Roses: The Wars of the Roses (1971)

  Chronicles of the Wars of the Roses (ed. Elizabeth Hallam, Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1988)

  Cole, Hubert: The Wars of the Roses (Hart-Davis MacGibbon, 1973)

  Goodman, Anthony: The Wars of the Roses: Military Activity and English Society, 1452–1497 (Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1981)

  Kinross, John: The Battlefields of Britain (David and Charles, Devon, 1979)

  Lander, J. R.: The Wars of the Roses (Alan Sutton, 1990)

  Pollard, A. J.: The Wars of the Roses (Macmillan, 1988)

  Ross, Charles: The Wars of the Roses (1976)

  Rowse, A. L.: Bosworth Field and the Wars of the Roses (Macmillan, 1966)

  For Edward IV and His Family

  Clive, Mary M.: This Sun of York: A Biography of Edward IV (Macmillan, 1973)

  Davies, Katharine: The First Queen Elizabeth (Lovat Dickson, 1937)

  Falkus, Gila: The Life and Times of Edward IV (Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1981)

  Hicks, M. A.: False, Fleeting, Perjur’d Clarence (Alan Sutton, 1980)

  Ross, Charles: Edward IV (Eyre Methuen, 1974)

  Scofield, Cora L.: The Life and Reign of Edward the Fourth (2 vols, 1923, reprinted by Frank Cass and Co. 1967)

  Simons, Eric N.: The Reign of Edward IV (1966)

  For Richard III

  Cheetham, Anthony: The Life and Times of Richard III (Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1972) (revisionist)

  Drewett, Richard and Redhead, Mark: The Trial of Richard III (Alan Sutton, 1984)

  Given-Wilson, Chris and Curteis, Alice: The Royal Bastards of Mediaeval England (Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1984) (for details of Richard III’s bastard children)

  Hammond, P. W. and Sutton, Anne F.: Richard III: The Road to Bosworth Field (Constable, 1985)

  Hanham, Alison: Richard III and his Early Historians (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1975)

  Kendall, Paul Murray: Richard the Third (Allen and Unwin, 1955) (revisionist; for many years, the definitive biography, but now largely discredited)

  Lamb, V. B.: The Betrayal of Richard III (The Research Publishing Company, 1959) (revisionist)

  Markham, Sir Clements: Richard III: His Life and Character (1906) (revisionist)

  Potter, Jeremy: Good King Richard? (Constable, 1983) (revisionist)

  Ross, Charles: Richard III (Eyre Methuen, 1981) (traditionalist; the definitive biography)

  St Aubyn, Giles: The Year of Three Kings: 1483 (Collins, Glasgow, 1983)

  Seward, Desmond: Richard III: England’s Black Legend (Country Life Books, 1983) (traditionalist)

  Tudor-Craig, Pamela: Richard III (National Portrait Gallery, 1973, 1977)

  Woodward, G. W. O.: King Richard III (Pitkin, 1972)

  The Princes in the Tower

  Crawford, A.: ‘The Mowbray Inheritance’ (The Ricardian, June, 1981)

  Jenkins, Elizabeth: The Princes in the Tower (Hamish Hamilton, 1978)

  Molleson, Theya: ‘Anne Mowbray and the Princes in the Tower: a Study in Identity’ (The London Archaeologist, Vol. 5, no. 10, Spring 1987)

  Richard III and the Princes in the Tower (ed. Langdon-Davies, Jackdaw Series, 1965)

  Tanner, L. E., and Wright, W.: ‘Recent Investigations Regarding the Fate of the Princes in the Tower’ (Archaeologia, LXXXIV, 1934)

  Williamson, Audrey: The Mystery of the Princes (Alan Sutton, 1978)

  The Tower of London

  Charlton, John: The Tower of London: Its Buildings and Institutions (HMSO, 1978)

  Hibbert, Christopher: The Tower of London (Readers’ Digest, 1971)

  Mears, Kenneth J.: The Tower of London: 900 Years of English History (Phaidon Press, Oxford, 1988)

  Minney, R. J.: The Tower of London (Cassell, 1970)

  Picard, Barbara Leone: The Tower and the Traitors (Batsford, 1961)

  Rowse, A. L.: The Tower of London in the History of the Nation (Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1972)

  Somerset Fry, Plantagenet: The Tower of London: Cauldron of Britain’s Past (Quiller Press, 1990)

  Wilson, Derek: The Tower, 1078–1978 (Hamish Hamilton, 1978)

  Henry VII

  Chrimes, S. B.: Henry VII (Eyre Methuen, 1972)

  Chrimes, S. B.: Lancastrians, Yorkists and Henry VII (1966)

  Grant, Alexander: Henry VII (Methuen, 1985)

  Lenz-Harvey, N.: Elizabeth of York, Tudor Queen (1973)

  Macalpine, Joan: The Shadow of the Tower: Henry VII and his England (BBC Publications, 1971)

  Rees, David: The Son of Prophecy: Henry Tudor’s Road to Bosworth (Black Raven Press, 1985)

  Williams, Neville: The Life and Times of Henry VII (Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1973)

  The Tudor Period

  Bennett, Michael: Lambert Simnel and the Battle of Stoke (Alan Sutton, 1987)

  Durant, Horatia: Sorrowful Captives: The Tudor Earls of Devon (Griffin Press, 1960)

  Elton, G. R.: England under the Tudors (Methuen, 1955)

  Mackie, J. D.: The Earlier Tudors, 1485–1558 (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1952, 1966)

  Morris, Christopher: The Tudors (Batsford, 1955)

  Plowden, Alison: The House of Tudors (Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1976)

  Routh, C. R. N.: Who’s Who in History, Vol. II, England 1485–1603 (Blackwell, Oxford, 1964)

  Sir Thomas More

  Marius, Richard: Thomas More (Dent, 1984)

  Ridley, Jasper: The Statesman and the Fanatic: Thomas Wolsey and Thomas More (Constable, 1982)

  Strong, Sir Roy: Tudor and Jacobean Portraits (2 vols, National Portrait Gallery, 1969) (for a discussion on paintings of the More family group)

  Trapp, J. B. and Herbrüggen, H. S.: The King’s Good Servant: Sir Thomas More, 1477/8–1535 (National Portrait Gallery, 1977)

  Wilson, D.: England in the Age of Thomas More (1978)

  Index

  The page references in this index correspond to the printed edition from which this ebook was created. To find a specific word or phrase from the index, please use the search feature of your ebook reader.

  Accord, Act of, 1460 17

  Albany, Duke of 53

  Alcock, John, Bishop of Worcester and Ely 40, 59, 75, 81, 88

  Ambien Hill, Leics 214–15

  André, Bernard 6–7, 28, 63, 158, 168, 223, 226, 231

  Anne de Beujeu, Regent of France 191, 199

  Anne, Duchess of Brittany, Queen of France 58

  Anne of Gloucester, Countess of Stafford and Buckingham 67

  Anne of York (see Plantagenet, Anne)

  Antwerp, Flanders 55, 241

  Archaeologia 27, 251

  Archaeological Resource Centre, York 253


  Argentine, Dr John 3, 11, 108, 140, 178, 255

  Armstrong, Professor C. A. J. 3

  Arnold, Richard 183

  Arras, Treaty of 60

  Arthur, Duke of Brittany 165

  Arthurian Legends, The 8

  Ascham, Roger 9

  Ashby St Legers, Northants 98

  Ashford, Kent 176

  Ashmolean Museum, Oxford 167, 254

  Ashmole, Elias 254

  Ashmole MS. 149

  Ayton, N. Yorkshire 157

  Bacon, Sir Francis 12–13, 23, 121, 170, 192, 222, 229, 232–3, 236, 239, 245

  Banastre, Gilbert 133

  Banastre, Ralph 188

  Barnard Castle, Yorks 51, 133, 140

  Barnet, Battle of, 1471 25, 30, 94

  Barnet, Herts 87

  Barrow, Thomas, Lord Chancellor 214

  Barton, Dr Saxon 197

  Basin, Thomas, Norman Chronicler 61

  Basle, Switzerland 7

  Basley, Mr 95

  Baynard’s Castle, London 15, 25, 88, 97, 126, 128, 160

  Beauchamp, Anne, Countess of Warwick 33, 35–6, 150–1

  Beauchamp family 5, 35, 42

  Beaufort, Edmund, Duke of Somerset 30

  Beaufort family 15–16, 68, 154–5

  Beaufort, Joan, Countess of Westmorland 15

  Beaufort, Margaret, Countess of Richmond and Derby 62, 131, 137, 152–4, 172, 179–84, 189, 200, 213, 221, 229–30, 237

  Beaugency, France 2, 191

  Beaulieu Abbey, Hants 35

  Becket, St Thomas à 58

  Bedford, Dukes of (see John of Lancaster; Tudor, Jasper)

  Beja, Duke of 213

  Berkeley family 46

  Berkeley, Charles, later Earl of Nottingham 52, 135

  Bermondsey Abbey, Southwark 233–4

  Bernall, Richard 35

  Berwick-upon-Tweed 55

  Bianca of Savoy, Duchess of Milan 42

  Bibliothèque Municipale, Lille 3

  Bishopsgate, London 97

  Bishop’s Palace, The, St Paul’s Churchyard 88

  Black Book of the Household, The 38, 89

  Black Friars Monastery, London 27

  Blanche Sanglier, herald 216

  Blaybourne, an archer 24

  Bodleian Library, Oxford 5–6

  Bodmin, Cornwall 187

  Bohun, Eleanor de, Duchess of Gloucester 67

  Bohun, Mary de, Countess of Derby 67

  Boleyn, Anne, Queen of England 250

  Bona of Savoy 19

  Borgia, Cesare 132

  Bosworth, Battle of, 1485 12, 166–7, 170, 177, 214–17, 220–1, 225, 227, 234, 243, 256

  Boteler (see Butler)

  Bourchier, Thomas, Cardinal Archbishop of Canterbury 64, 85–6, 88, 91, 96, 109–111, 137, 178

  Bow Bridge, Leics 217

  Brackenbury, Elizabeth 170

  Brackenbury, Sir Robert 6, 129–30, 141–2, 147–50, 156–61, 164, 170, 216, 225, 252

  Bradford, Professor E. W. 257

  Bradgate Manor, Leics 20

  Brampton, Sir Edward 239, 241

  de Braose family 15

  Bray, Sir Reginald 11, 179–80, 182, 220

  Brecknock Castle, Brecon 107, 151, 172, 179, 187

  Brecon, Wales 71–2, 148–9, 151

  Brereton, Humphrey 7, 213

  Brescia, Italy 5

  Bridgenorth, Salop 152

  Bridget of York (see Plantagenet, Bridget)

  British Library, London 5, 12, 86, 99, 126, 137, 205, 235

  Buck, Sir George 10, 12, 31, 118–19, 172, 205, 207–9, 224

  Buck, Sir George the Younger 12, 209

  Buck, John 12

  Burdett, Thomas 44–5

  de Burgh family 15

  Burgundy, Duke of (see Charles the Bold)

  Burleigh, Lord (see Cecil, William)

  Butler, Eleanor 118–20, 122, 124, 170, 224

  Butler family 133

  Butler, Ralph, Lord Sudeley 118

  Butler, Sir Thomas 118

  Caius, John, of Cambridge 8

  Calais, France 24, 54, 65–6, 128, 141, 160, 173, 243–5

  Cambrai, Bishop of 241

  Cambridge, Earl of (see Richard of Conisburgh)

  Cambridge, University of 107, 116, 133

  Camden, William 12, 252, 254

  Canterbury, Archbishop of (see Bourchier, Thomas)

  Canterbury Cathedral, Kent 23, 58, 59, 131

  Cardiff Castle 151

  Carmarthen Castle 153

  Carmeliano, Pietro 3, 5–7, 28, 129, 131, 168, 223

  Carmelite Friars, Church of the, Doncaster 123

  Carmelite Friars, Church of the, Norwich 118

  Catesby, William 98–9, 136, 142, 151, 211–12, 216, 220

  Caxton, William 41, 133

  Cecil, William, Lord Burleigh 118–19

  Cecily, Marchioness of Dorset 208

  Cecily of York (see Plantagenet, Cecily)

  Cely, George 106

  Cely Letters, the 2, 52

  Chapuys, Eustache 224

  Charlemagne, Holy Roman Emperor, King of the Franks 20

  Charles VIII, King of France, formerly the Dauphin 42, 53, 60, 61, 191, 236

  Charles II, King of Great Britain 89, 251–2, 254

  Charles V (I, King of Spain) Holy Roman Emperor 224

  Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy 23, 43, 235

  Charnwood Forest, Leics 20

  Chaucer, Geoffrey 41, 133

  Cheapside, London 88

  Chelsea, London 97, 175

  Chertsey Abbey, Middlesex 27, 161

  Christ Church, Canterbury 130

  de Clare family 15

  Clarence, Dukes of (see Lionel of Antwerp; Plantagenet, George)

  Clement, Dr John 174–5

  Clercq, J. du 21

  Cobb, Old Mother 25–6

  College of Arms, The, London 5–6, 11–12, 133, 149, 167

  Collier, Payne 95

  Collins, Jane 35

  Commines, Philippe de 6, 14, 25–6, 31, 49, 53, 61, 117–19, 129, 149, 154, 168, 202, 211

  Cork, Ireland 238

  Cornwallis, Sir William 11

  Corporation of London 91

  Cotton, Sir Robert 12

  Cottonian Library, British Museum 4

  Courtenay, Edward, later Earl of Devon 250

  Courtenay family 185, 188, 238

  Courtenay, Henry, Marquess of Exeter 250

  Courtenay, Lord William, later Earl of Devon 244

  Coventry, City of 150, 155

  Cripplegate, London 62

  Cromwell, Oliver 251

  Crosby Place, Bishopsgate, London 97

  Crosby, Sir John 97

  Crowland (see Croyland)

  Croyland Abbey, Lines 3–4

  Croyland Chronicle, The xiv, 2–5, 8–9, 12, 26, 28, 30–1, 33–4, 37, 43, 47–50, 53, 58, 61–2, 64–5, 67, 70–1, 73, 77–80, 84, 88, 90–2, 102–3, 105, 107, 110–11, 114, 120, 122–9, 139, 142–5, 149, 157, 166–7, 171, 182–3, 185–7, 192–4, 196–7, 199, 203–17, 221, 223–5

  Curteys, Piers 115, 137

  Curzon, Sir Robert 244

  Cutte, Sir John 11

  Dacre, Lord 141

  Darcy, Elizabeth 39

  Dartford Priory, Kent 41

  Dauphin of France (see Charles VIII)

  Davy, Henry 173

  Deal, Kent 237

  Dean, Forest of 189

  Denmark, King of 53

  Desmond, Earls of 51, 213

  Devon, Earls of (see Courtenay)

  Dighton, John 156–60, 169–70, 245–6

  Doncaster, Yorks 155

  Droget, John 133

  Drogheda, Ireland 51

  Dublin Cathedral 234

  Dudley, John, Duke of Northumberland 173

  Dudley, John, Lord 141

  Dunstable, Beds 25

  Durham Cathedral 131

  Durham, City of 200

  Dymmock, Andrew 60

  Dynham, John, Lord 128, 245<
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  Eastwell Church, Kent 176

  Eastwell Park, Kent 176–7

  Edgecote, Battle of, 1469 24

  Edmund of Langley, Duke of York 15

  Edward the Confessor, King of England 83

  Edward I, King of England 89

  Edward II, King of England 139, 165

  Edward III, King of England 14–15, 22, 67, 219, 222

  Edward IV, King of England 3, 5–6, 11, 17–19, 21–35, 37–71, 74–5, 78–83, 88–90, 92, 94, 99, 102–6, 108, 116–122, 124–9, 133–4, 144, 146–7, 149, 153–4, 162, 166–7, 169, 170–1, 173, 176, 181, 184, 189, 191–2, 196–8, 200, 207–8, 210, 216, 218, 222, 224–5, 227, 231–2, 234, 236, 239–43

  Edward V, King of England: Birth 25–6, 83; created Prince of Wales, etc. 26, 42; recognised as Edward IV’s heir 39; household 39–41; education 39–40; Guardian of the Realm 41–2; negotiations for his marriage 42, 58; dominated by the Wydvilles 41, 57, 60, 64–5, 73–4, 92; appearance 59; character and intelligence 59–60, 114–15; proclaimed King of England 63; bidding prayer for him 64, 96; coronation plans 65–6, 69–70, 73, 82, 90, 97–9, 109, 113, 115, 123; summoned to London, 1483 65–6, 69, 75; learns of father’s death 69; expected age of majority 74; comes under control of Gloucester as result of coup 79–81; deprived of retainers and servants 81, 108, 142, 172; enters London in state 87–8; lodges in the Tower 88–9, 95, 106, 126; learns royal duties 93–4; fears of death 108, 135, 140; possible jaw disease 108, 177–8, 255; reunited with brother York in the Tower 111, 171; coronation postponed 115, 123; claim to throne impugned 114, 116–21; deposed 126–7, 135, 143; informed of deposition 135; plots to free him 143–7, 155, 165, 172, 182–3; also mentioned 2–3, 58, 72–3, 77–8, 83, 85–6, 90, 93, 96–7, 99–103, 105–7, 111, 113–15, 123, 126, 172–4, 184, 192, 222, 240, 242; see also under ‘Princes in the Tower, The’

  Edward VI, King of England 173

  Edward of Clarence, Earl of Warwick (see Plantagenet, Edward)

  Edward of Lancaster, Prince of Wales 16, 25–7, 30, 34, 68

  Edward of Middleham, Prince of Wales 35, 48, 96, 97, 142, 150,155–7, 162, 171, 185, 192, 197–9

  Elizabeth I, Queen of England 12, 251

  Elizabeth of York, Queen of England 7, 23, 35, 42, 53, 60–2, 144, 173, 180, 182, 185, 190, 194, 196, 199, 202–14, 219–24, 226, 228–30, 235, 238, 244

  Eltham Palace, Kent 37

  Ely Place, Holborn 103

  Erber, The, Downgate Street, London 34, 42

  Erasmus, Desiderius 5–7, 171, 174

  Esteney, John, Abbot of Westminster 83

 
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