The Lady in the Tower: The Fall of Anne Boleyn by Alison Weir


  54 Chronicle of King Henry VIII

  55 Privy Purse Expenses; SC; Hall; Lowinsky. The “Spanish Chronicle” incorrectly states that Mark was engaged by Anne Boleyn after Katherine of Aragon’s death (Chronicle of King Henry VIII).

  56 Ives

  57 Cavendish: Metrical Visions

  58 Guicciardini; Lowinsky

  59 Lowinsky

  60 Ibid

  61 Chronicle of King Henry VIII

  62 Cavendish: Metrical Visions

  63 Ibid

  64 LP; Privy Purse Expenses

  65 Royal manuscript 20, BXXI, fols. 2-3. This manuscript later came into the possession of Sir Thomas Wyatt, the poet, whose name is also written on it. See Thomson; Lowinsky.

  66 Ives: “Stress, Faction and Ideology,” and Wormald, for example

  67 Lowinsky

  68 Ibid. The choir book is manuscript 1070 of the Royal College of Music, London.

  69 Wyatt: Complete Poems

  70 Cavendish: Metrical Visions

  71 Warnicke

  72 LP

  73 Privy Purse Expenses

  74 Lowinsky

  75 Cavendish: Metrical Visions

  76 Warnicke

  77 Pollard: Henry VIII

  78 Ives: “Faction”

  79 Ives: “Fall Reconsidered”

  80 Warnicke: “Fall”

  81 LP

  82 Ives: “Fall Reconsidered;” Denny: Anne Boleyn

  83 Bernard

  84 Starkey: Six Wives

  85 “Triumphs of English”

  86 Cavendish: Metrical Visions

  87 Fox

  88 Hall

  89 LP

  90 Fox

  91 Cavendish: Metrical Visions

  92 LP; Froude, Note D, in Thomas (LP 911)

  93 Friedmann

  94 Fox

  95 “Triumphs of English;” LP; Bernard: “Fall;” Ives: “Fall Reconsidered”

  96 Forty-Six Lives

  97 Warnicke: “Fall”

  98 Ibid; Forty-Six Lives

  99 For this theory, see Warnicke: “Fall”

  100 Ibid; Additional manuscript 12,060, ff20b, 23b; Forty-Six Lives

  101 Excerpta Historica (LP 1107)

  102 Fox, citing Carley

  103 “Triumphs of English”

  104 Excerpta Historica (LP 1107)

  105 Warnicke

  CHAPTER 6: TURNING TRUST TO TREASON

  1 LP; Lisle Letters; SC; Ives

  2 Milherve

  3 Cavendish: Metrical Visions

  4 Aless

  5 Carles

  6 Chronicle of King Henry VIII

  7 Lisle Letters

  8 Carles

  9 Warnicke

  10 LP. The letter is mutilated.

  11 LP

  12 Ives

  13 Childs

  14 Cited by Smith: Henry VIII

  15 Aless

  16 LP

  17 Ibid

  18 Denny: Anne Boleyn

  19 Chronicle of King Henry VIII

  20 Wilson: Holbein; Constantine

  21 Wriothesley

  22 Constantine

  23 Wilson: Holbein

  24 Wriothesley

  25 LP

  26 Porter

  27 LP

  28 Ibid

  29 Baga de Secretis

  30 Ives

  31 Cavendish: Metrical Visions

  32 Lisle Letters

  33 Ives: “Faction;” Smith: Tudor Tragedy

  34 Carles

  35 Chronicle of King Henry VIII

  36 Carles

  37 Ives: “Faction”

  38 Constantine

  39 Cavendish: Metrical Visions

  40 Carles

  41 SC

  42 Sergeant

  43 LP

  44 Ibid

  45 Ibid

  46 Wriothesley; LP; Carles; Ashmole manuscripts; Histoire de la Royne Anne de Boullant

  47 Constantine

  48 LP

  49 Ibid

  50 SC

  51 Wriothesley; LP

  52 Ives

  CHAPTER 7: TO THE TOWER

  1 LP

  2 Deans

  3 Friedmann

  4 LP; Childs

  5 Denny: Anne Boleyn

  6 Lofts

  7 LP

  8 Sir John Hayward. Strickland confuses him with the playwright John Heywood.

  9 Ibid

  10 LP

  11 Wriothesley

  12 Sir John Hayward

  13 Lisle Letters

  14 Wriothesley

  15 LP

  16 Hall

  17 Clark

  18 Wriothesley

  19 Ibid

  20 Its name appears thus in a plan of the Tower drawn in ca. 1597, which is only known from an engraving of the lost original done in 1742, which is now in the possession of the Society of Antiquaries of London.

  21 Wriothesley

  22 Warnicke asserts that Aless heard the cannonfire on April 30, but no one was committed to the Tower on that day—none of the accused were sent there until May 2. She bases her assertion on Aless’s statement, in his previous paragraph, that he was at Greenwich late at night on April 30. However, he does not state when he returned to London. In the paragraph following the one in which he mentions hearing the cannon, he refers to news of the Queen’s arrest spreading “in the morning,” i.e., the morning of May 3. As she was imprisoned on the afternoon of May 2, he must have returned to Greenwich on that day. It is highly unlikely that the cannon was fired to mark the lowly Smeaton’s committal to the Tower, as Warnicke suggests.

  23 Fraser

  24 Wriothesley; George Wyatt

  25 George Wyatt

  26 Wriothesley

  27 Lofts

  28 Warnicke is mistaken in suggesting that Anne was imprisoned in the Beauchamp Tower, also known as the Cobham Tower, which is some distance from the palace; that old tradition was disputed by Elizabeth Benger as far back as 1821.

  29 Tower of London

  30 Fraser

  31 LP

  32 LP. See “Notes on Sources” under Sir William Kingston.

  33 Erickson: Anne Boleyn

  34 “Triumphs of English”

  35 LP

  36 LP; Warnicke

  37 LP

  38 Ibid

  39 Cavendish: Metrical Visions

  40 LP

  41 Richardson

  42 Hastings

  43 Fraser

  44 LP

  45 Ibid

  46 Ibid

  47 Carles

  48 LP; Friedmann

  49 Cavendish: Metrical Visions

  50 Lisle Letters

  51 SC; LP

  52 Friedmann

  53 LP

  54 Wriothesley

  CHAPTER 8: STAINED IN HER REPUTATION

  1 Du Cann

  2 Erickson: First Elizabeth

  3 Wriothesley (editorial notes)

  4 LP

  5 Ibid

  6 Ibid

  7 Ives

  8 LP

  9 Warnicke states incorrectly that this conversation with Weston had taken place a year earlier, but Kingston clearly stated that it occurred on “Whitsun Monday last,” i.e., April 24, 1536.

  10 LP

  11 Ibid

  12 Hume

  13 LP; Lisle Letters; Privy Purse Expenses; Ives

  14 LP

  15 Friedmann

  16 LP

  17 Warnicke

  18 Ibid

  19 Ives: “Fall Reconsidered”

  20 Warnicke: “Fall;” Ives

  21 Lindsey

  22 Lisle Letters

  23 LP

  24 Ibid

  25 Erickson: Great Harry

  26 SC; LP

  27 Now a school known as Carew Manor

  28 LP

  29 SC

  30 LP

  31 Constantine; Starkey: Six Wives

  32 Hammond

  33 Bell

  34 Ives; H
amer; Strickland

  35 Histoire de la Royne Anne de Boullant. Anthony Anthony says that Wyatt was taken to the Tower at 9:00 A.M. on May 8, but he is not perhaps the most reliable observer, having almost certainly got the time of Smeaton’s arrival there wrong. The Lisle Letters refer to Page being in the Tower on May 8, not that he was taken there that day. Kingston’s second report to Cromwell, probably written on the evening of May 5, refers to the arrests of Wyatt and Page.

  36 LP; Lisle Letters

  37 Murphy

  38 Friedmann

  39 For Sir Thomas Wyatt, see Muir; Thomson and Wyatt: Complete Poems

  40 Rivals in Power

  41 Wyatt: Complete Poems; LP

  42 George Wyatt

  43 Ibid

  44 Ibid

  45 Ibid

  46 SC; LP

  47 Ives: “Faction”

  48 Ibid; Paul

  49 Denny: Anne Boleyn

  50 LP

  CHAPTER 9: THE MOST MISCHIEVOUS AND ABOMINABLE TREASONS

  1 Fox

  2 LP

  3 Ives; Carles

  4 LP

  5 Ives

  6 Starkey: Six Wives

  7 Ives

  8 LP

  9 Chronicle of King Henry VIII

  10 LP. The original is Cotton manuscript Otho CX 228.

  11 LP

  12 Love Letters of Henry VIII, ed. Ridley

  13 Love Letters of Henry VIII, ed. Savage

  14 Strickland

  15 Ibid

  16 LP

  17 Ibid

  18 Ibid

  19 Ibid

  20 Ibid

  21 Ibid

  22 Ibid

  23 Murphy

  24 Lisle Letters

  25 Ibid

  26 LP

  27 Ibid

  28 Baga de Secretis

  29 Miller

  30 Baga de Secretis. I am indebted to Glen Lucas for his translations of the indictments and summary of the offenses cited in both.

  31 Ibid

  32 Ives: “Faction”

  33 Warnicke: “Fall”

  34 Ives

  35 Ibid

  36 George Wyatt

  37 See Ives: “Fall Reconsidered”

  38 Bernard: “Fall: Rejoinder”

  39 LP

  40 Ives

  41 Bernard

  42 Ibid

  43 LP

  44 Ibid

  45 Lisle Letters

  46 Lindsey

  47 State Papers; Constantine; LP

  48 Ives; Lindsey

  49 Denny: Anne Boleyn

  50 Williams: Henry VIII and His Court

  51 LP; Fox

  52 Baga de Secretis

  53 LP

  54 Ibid

  55 Friedmann

  56 Ibid

  57 LP

  58 Friedmann

  59 SC

  60 Carles

  CHAPTER 10: MORE ACCUSED THAN CONVICTED

  1 Starkey: Six Wives

  2 Cited by Strickland

  3 Wriothesley; Starkey: Six Wives

  4 Wriothesley

  5 Baga de Secretis; Churchill

  6 LP

  7 Hamer; Denny: Anne Boleyn; Ives

  8 Friedmann

  9 Hastings

  10 Wriothesley

  11 Hastings

  12 Spelman

  13 Stow

  14 Baga de Secretis

  15 Spelman; SC

  16 Baga de Secretis

  17 Wriothesley (editorial notes)

  18 Spelman

  19 Wriothesley (editorial notes)

  20 Constantine

  21 Friedmann

  22 Wriothesley; Spelman; Baga de Secretis

  23 Carles

  24 Ibid

  25 Lisle Letters

  26 LP

  27 Ibid

  28 Lisle Letters

  29 Ives

  30 Complete Peerage

  31 Lisle Letters

  32 Cf LP

  33 LP

  34 Ibid

  35 Ibid

  36 Ibid

  37 Ibid

  38 Lisle Letters

  39 Carles

  40 Ibid

  41 Lisle Letters

  42 Ibid

  43 LP

  44 Wriothesley

  45 Lisle Letters

  46 Baga de Secretis

  47 Baga de Secretis; Friedmann. The latter lists only twenty-six peers.

  48 LP

  49 Ibid

  50 Ibid

  51 Ibid

  52 Ibid

  53 Ibid

  54 Ibid

  55 Ibid

  56 Ibid

  57 LP; Wriothesley; Starkey: Six Wives; Brayley, Brewer, and Nightingale; Lewis; Batey

  58 Roper

  59 SC

  60 Warnicke

  61 SC; Warnicke: “Fall”

  62 Wriothesley

  63 The original plan is lost, but a copy made in 1742 is now in the collection of the Society of Antiquaries of London.

  64 Wriothesley; Harleian manuscripts

  65 Benger

  66 Wriothesley

  67 Churchill; Miller

  68 Wriothesley; Harleian manuscripts; State Trials

  69 Constantine

  70 Complete Peerage

  71 Baga de Secretis

  72 Miller; Friedmann

  73 Wriothesley

  74 Loades: Henry VIII and His Queens

  75 Cavendish: Wolsey; LP; Percy manuscripts

  76 LP

  77 “Triumphs of English”

  78 Baga de Secretis; Friedmann; Complete Peerage; Dictionary of National Biography

  79 Baga de Secretis

  80 Murphy

  81 Friedmann

  82 Snowden

  83 LP

  84 Ibid

 
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