The Lost Tudor Princess: The Life of Lady Margaret Douglas by Alison Weir


  79. It is inscribed as Sir William St. Loe, but the sitter is plainly Lennox. His appearance matches the likeness in the Darnley Memorial, having the same balding head and pale red beard.

  80. CSPD Elizabeth 44, 38

  81. CSPF 8, 1902

  82. CSPF 8, 1875

  83. CSPD Elizabeth 46, 11; Strickland LQS 2, 115. Norrington, 30, places this letter in January 1564.

  84. Stedall SC, 44

  85. CSP Murdin, 764; Macauley, 195

  86. Camden, 91; Strickland LQS 2, 115; Marshall QMW, 119; Borman, 286

  87. It survives in draft, partly in Lennox’s hand, as CUL Oo.vii.47; the text is printed as an appendix in Mahon.

  88. Macauley, 196

  89. NAS GD 406/1, 26

  90. Warden of the Middle Marches.

  91. CSP Scotland 2, 677

  92. Cecil Papers 1, 1186; Lettres 2, 102–3, 106

  93. CSP Scotland 2, 771

  94. CUL DdIII, ff.17–18; Macauley, 200. There was to be a third version, too, A Remembrance after what sort the late King of Scots, son to me, the Earl of Lennox, was used by the Queen his wife (CUL Oo. vii.47, ff.30–1), a far more concise document than its predecessors, which presents a much better case.

  95. Relations Politiques de la France et de l’Espagne avec l’Ecosse au XVIieme Siecle 2, 390–91

  96. CSP Scotland 2, 832

  97. CSP Scotland 2, 850

  98. CSP Simancas 2, 52

  99. CSPF 8, 1812

  100. CSP Scotland 2, 894

  101. CSP Scotland 2, 906

  102. John Phillips

  18. “Business Most Vile”

  1. CSPF 9, 68

  2. Ashdown RT, 149; Strickland LQS 2, 116

  3. Perry WP, 149–50

  4. Cecil Papers 1, 1377

  5. Schutte, 214

  6. CSPF 9, 507

  7. CSPF 9, 513

  8. CSP Simancas 2, 174

  9. Cecil Papers 1, 1469

  10. CSP Scotland 3, 95

  11. CSPF 9, 655

  12. Strickland LQS 2, 116

  13. Stow. What became known as Old Somerset House was demolished in 1775 and replaced with the present Somerset House.

  14. CSP Scotland 3, 110; Original Letters 2, 333–34

  15. Regnans in Excelsis

  16. CSP Simancas 2, 180

  17. CSPF 9, 713

  18. Ridley EI, 172

  19. CSPF 9, 818

  20. CSPF 9, 839

  21. Cannon and Hargreaves

  22. Merriman ODNB

  23. Hardy, 11, states that she served as Elizabeth’s chief lady, but I can find no contemporary evidence to support this.

  24. CSPF 9, 855

  25. CSP Scotland 3, 195

  26. CSP Scotland 3, 196

  27. CSPF 9, 870; CSP Scotland 3, 207

  28. CSP Scotland 3, 228; CSPF 9, 910

  29. CSPF 9, 911; CSP Scotland 3, 230

  30. NA SP 52/18, f.41

  31. CSP Scotland 3, 214, 215

  32. CSP Simancas 2, 198

  33. CSPF 9, 918

  34. CSP Scotland 3, 244

  35. Cecil Papers 1, 1490

  36. His heir, Francis, having died, his third son, Richard, inherited Pocklington, which was later purchased by the Dolmans, whose forebears had also served the Lennoxes.

  37. CSPF 9, 1026

  38. CSP Scotland 3, 289, 304

  39. CSP Scotland 3, 340

  40. CSP Scotland 3, 344, 350

  41. CSP Scotland 3, 356

  42. CSP Scotland 3, 402

  43. CSPF 9, 1097

  44. Tytler

  45. Schutte, 216

  46. CSPF 9, 1149

  47. CSP Scotland 3, 415

  48. CSP Simancas 2, 209

  49. CSP Scotland 3, 437

  50. CSPF 9, 1206

  51. Macauley, 223

  52. CSP Scotland 3, 434

  53. CSP Scotland 3, 446; NA SP 53/5, f.128; William Fraser 1, 450

  54. CSP Scotland 3, 468, 469; CSPF 9, 1266; NA SP 52/19, f.98

  55. William Fraser 1, 451

  56. CSPF 9, 1262; CSP Scotland 3, 465

  57. William Fraser 1, 450–51

  58. Additional MS. 19,401, f.105

  59. CSP Scotland 3, 478

  60. CSP Scotland 3, 496

  61. CSPF 9, 1286

  62. CSPF 9, 1328; CSP Scotland 3, 519

  63. CSP Scotland 3, 508

  64. Chancellor of the Exchequer.

  65. CSPD Elizabeth 74, 9

  66. NAS GD 149/265, f.1; CSP Scotland 3, 349; endorsed, “Delivered to her in presence of the Queen of England viijvo Nobris 1570; Robertson 3, 237–38

  67. Robertson 3, 238

  68. CSP Scotland 3, 584

  69. CSPF 9, 1525

  70. CSP Simancas 2, 233

  71. CSPF 9, 1572

  72. CSPD Elizabeth 77, 39

  73. CSP Scotland 3, 627

  74. Strickland LQS 2, 118

  75. CSP Simancas 2, 247; CSPF 9, 1638

  76. CSP Simancas 2, 247; CSPF 9, 1647

  77. Merriman ODNB

  78. CSP Simancas 2, 273

  79. Accounts of the Lord High Treasurer of Scotland 12, 240

  80. CSP Scotland 3, 764

  81. CSP Scotland 3, 777; CSPF 9, 1759

  82. CSP Scotland 3, 821

  83. CSPF 9, 1985

  84. His mother had been Margaret’s bastard half sister, Janet Douglas.

  85. CSP Scotland 3, 816; CSPF 9, 1819

  86. CSPF 9, 1841

  87. CSPF 9, 1847

  88. CSP Scotland 3, 841

  89. Strickland LQS 2, 118

  90. CSPF 9, 1908, 2080, 2085

  91. CSP Scotland 3, 856; CSPF 9, 1909

  92. Fénélon 4, 180

  93. Mann

  94. Willey

  95. Fielding

  96. Records of the Court of Augmentations and the Augmentation Office. Barber’s Barn was later demolished and replaced by a three-storied gabled house built around 1590–91 (Lysons). That house was demolished probably in the 1790s.

  97. CSP Scotland 3, 884

  98. CSPF 9, 1936; CSP Scotland 3, 888

  99. CSPF 9, 1943

  100. CSPF 9, 1945

  101. CSP Scotland 3, 904

  102. CSP Scotland 3, 911

  103. He was a younger son of Patrick, Lord Ruthven, who had taken part in the murder of Rizzio and died in exile in 1566.

  104. CSP Scotland 3, 917

  105. Strickland LQS 2, 118

  106. John Phillips

  107. CSPF 9, 2027; CSP Scotland 3, 921

  108. CSP Scotland 3, 921; CSPF 9, 2026

  109. Ibid.

  110. CSPF 9, 2027

  111. CSPF 9, 2014; CSP Scotland 3, 912, 921

  112. CSPF 9, 1983, 1997; CSP Scotland 3, 913; NA SP 52/21, f.69

  113. CSP Scotland 3, 912, 921

  114. William Fraser 1, 416

  115. William Fraser 1, 416; Lisle TFS, 347; Guy MHIMO, 508

  116. Strickland LQS 2, 118

  117. Spottiswood 2, 166

  118. The Historie and Life of King James the Sext, 93

  119. Spottiswood 2, 166; William Fraser 1, 416; Marshall ODNB; Merriman; Schutte, 222

  120. William Fraser 1, 417

  121. Ibid.

  122. CSPF 9, 2010

  123. A diurnal of remarkable occurrents, 249

  124. Calderwood 3, 139

  19. “Treason Bereft Me”

  1. William Fraser 1, 418

  2. William Fraser 1, 453; Strickland LQS 2, 119

  3. Ibid.

  4. CSP Scotland 4, Appendix, 7; Stedall SC, 135

  5. John Phillips

  6. NA SP 52/21, f.184

  7. CSPF 9, 1997

  8. Merriman ODNB

  9. Holinshed 5; Marshall ODNB

  10. It was then believed that the legendary Brutus of Troy had founded the ancient kingdom of Britain and was the ancestor of all its kings.

  11. Holinshed 5

  12. CSPF 9
, 2026

  13. CSPF 9, 1989

  14. CSPF 9, 2027

  15. CSPF 9, 2023

  16. CSPF 9, 2028

  17. CSP Scotland 3, 921

  18. CSP Scotland 3, 924

  19. CSP Scotland 4 Appendix, 3

  20. CSPF 9, 2023

  21. CSP Scotland 4 Appendix, 7

  22. CSP Scotland 4 Appendix, 8

  23. CSPF 9, 2051; CSP Scotland 3, 956

  24. CSP Simancas 2, 279

  25. CSP Simancas 2, 280

  26. CSPF 9, 2059; CSP Scotland 4, 2

  27. CSP Scotland 4 Appendix, 10

  28. CSP Scotland 4 Appendix, 15

  29. CSP Scotland 4 Appendix, 26

  30. Chalfant; Strickland LQS 2, 120

  31. Canonbury Tower was rebuilt by Spencer in the 1580s and ’90s. Sir Francis Bacon, Oliver Goldsmith and Washington Irving were among the famous persons who later lived there. In 1795 the house was again largely rebuilt and the south range of Prior Bolton’s building was demolished. It served as the Tower Theatre from 1953 to 2003, and is now a Masonic research center. Only parts of the walls survive from the house Margaret knew. The tower and three-story wing to the south date from ca.1580.

  32. CSPD Elizabeth 83, 5; Strickland LQS 2, 120

  33. CSP Simancas 2, 279

  34. Schutte, 222–23

  35. CSP Scotland 4, 326

  36. Reproduced in Durant and credited to the National Portrait Gallery, although it cannot be traced there.

  37. Zurich Letters, 231; CSP Scotland 5, 89; Ashdown RT, 165; Hardy, 12

  38. Not an island, but perhaps regarded as one because of its situation on the banks of the Clyde.

  39. CSP Scotland 4 Appendix, 36

  40. CSP Scotland 4, 61; CSPF 9, 2136

  41. CSP Scotland 4 Appendix, 57

  42. CSPF 10, 824

  43. CSP Scotland 4, 122; CSPF 10, 99

  44. NA C.142/165/126; Erskine and Paton

  45. Mann

  46. By 1758 the east side of the southern courtyard of Brooke House was derelict; it was rebuilt and became a mental asylum. The house was bombed in the Blitz of 1940, and the east range of the northern courtyard, comprising a range of what were probably Tudor offices, was destroyed. The remains of Brooke House were acquired by the London County Council in 1944, but deemed too damaged to be restored. After a careful record was made of what survived, the house was demolished in 1954–55. Hackney Community College now stands on the site (Brooke House; Tudor Hackney; Eden et al.).

  47. Tudor Hackney

  48. Eden et al.

  49. CSP Scotland 4, 127

  50. CSP Scotland 4, 139

  51. CSP Scotland 4, 211

  52. CSPF 10, 253; Hardy, 21

  53. CSP Scotland 4, 299; CSPF 10, 329

  54. CSP Scotland 4, 326

  55. CSP Scotland 4 Appendix, 61

  56. CSP Scotland 4 Appendix, 71

  57. CSP Scotland 4, 428

  58. CSP Scotland 4, 448

  59. CSP Scotland 4, 474; CSPF 10, 632

  60. Lettres 5, 31

  61. Sitwell, 354; Jenkins EL, 199

  62. CSP Scotland 5, Introduction

  63. Lisle TFS, 350; Guy MHIMO, 382; Stedall CC, 433

  64. The Last Testament of the Earl of Bothwell

  65. Guy MHIMO, 382

  66. NA SP 53/10, f.71

  67. Chalmers 2, 243

  68. MacNalty, 145

  69. CSP Scotland 5, 38

  70. Sitwell, 354

  71. CSPF 10, 738

  72. CSPF 10, 754

  73. CSPF 10, 780

  74. CSPF 10, 824

  75. CSP Scotland 4, 596

  76. CSP Scotland 4, 605

  77. CSP Scotland 4, 703

  78. CSP Scotland 4, 713; CSPF 10, 1119

  79. CSPF 10, 1117

  80. CSP Scotland 4, 720; CSPF 10, 1133; Campling

  81. Register of the Privy Council of Scotland 2, 247, 330

  82. A Survey of the Manor of Settrington

  83. CSP Scotland 5, 21

  20. “The Hasty Marriage”

  1. Lovell, 259

  2. Lovell, 200

  3. CSP Scotland 5, 66

  4. Lovell, 240

  5. A Collection of Letters, and State Papers, 255–57

  6. Ibid.

  7. Durant, 8

  8. Handover, 48

  9. Lisle TFS, 349; Ashdown RT, 169–70; Hardy, 14

  10. A Collection of Letters, and State Papers, 255–57

  11. Gristwood, 16

  12. CSP Simancas 2, 403

  13. Ashdown RT, 167; Hardy, 16

  14. CSPD Elizabeth 99, 12

  15. Ibid.

  16. APC 8, 293

  17. CSP Simancas 2, 403

  18. A Collection of Letters, and State Papers, 255–57

  19. CSPD Elizabeth 99, 12; Sandeford, 143; Strickland LQS 2, 122–23

  20. A Collection of Letters, and State Papers, 255–57

  21. CSPD Elizabeth 99, 12; Strickland LQS 2, 122–23

  22. Lovell, 242

  23. CSPD Elizabeth 99, 12; Strickland LQS 2, 122–23

  24. A Collection of Letters, and State Papers, 255–57

  25. CSPD Elizabeth 99, 12; Strickland LQS 2, 122–23

  26. Ibid.

  27. A Collection of Letters, and State Papers, 255–57

  28. What remains of the house and abbey after much of it was demolished in the 1950s is an imposing ruin set in a country park.

  29. A Collection of Letters, and State Papers, 255–57

  30. Cited Gristwood, 12–13

  31. Jenkins EL, 201

  32. Hardy, 14

  33. Handover, 50

  34. In the 1950s, before Rufford Abbey was partly demolished, the chapel was still hung with tapestries and contained armorial glass commemorating the marriage.

  35. A Collection of Letters, and State Papers, 255–57

  36. Durant, 6–7, 14–15

  37. Norrington, 24

  38. MacNalty, 145

  39. A Collection of Letters, and State Papers, 255–57

  40. Lovell, 245–46

  41. CSPD Elizabeth 99, 12; Strickland LQS 2, 122–23

  42. Ibid.

  43. CSPD Elizabeth 99, 13

  44. CSP Scotland 5, 66; Hardy, 18

  45. CSP Simancas 2, 408

  46. CSPD Elizabeth 99, 13

  47. Lovell, 247

  48. Strickland LQS 2, 123

  49. Durant, 9; Lovell, 247

  50. Strickland LQS 2, 123; Lefuse, 14

  51. Hardy, 19

  52. For Sir William Livingston, see Kilsyth, a Parish History. Morton was found guilty and beheaded on “the Maiden,” an early guillotine he had himself introduced into Scotland.

  53. CSP Scotland 5, 89

  54. CSP Scotland 5, 68

  55. CSP Scotland 5, 21. Fowler’s interrogation by Walsingham is listed under July 1574, but it clearly took place after Charles Stuart’s marriage, probably in December.

  56. Ashdown RT, 171

  57. Strickland LTP, 94

  58. Hardy, 125; Gristwood, 15; Lefuse, 15–16

  59. Lovell, 249

  60. Borman, 295, 296

  61. Gristwood, 19

  62. Lettres 7, 243

  63. CSP Scotland 5, 89, 94

  64. Gristwood, 19; Lefuse, 17

  65. A Survey of the Manor of Settrington

  66. Cavendish-Talbot MS. X.d.428, f.108; Hardy, 19

  67. Cecil Papers Addenda, 123

  68. William Fraser 1, 459

  69. Harleian MS. 289, ff.200, 202; Archaeologia 32, 81; Strickland LTP, 94; Hardy, 19

  70. John Phillips

  71. CSP Scotland 5, 210

  72. This was the first recorded mention of Arbella in contemporary sources (Durant, 10).

  73. CSP Scotland 5, 210

  74. Ashdown RT, 172; Strickland LTP, 95

  21. “Till Death Do Finish My Days”

  1. Strickland LTP, 94

  2. John Phillips


  3. NA PROB 12 Langley. Most of the church was demolished in 1798, and only the tower survives.

  4. Holinshed, 5

  5. CSP Scotland 5, 227; CSPF 11, 755

  6. Clarke; Borman, 297

  7. Lisle TFS, 352; Marshall QMW, 122; Schutte, 233

  8. Durant, 15

  9. Strickland LQS 2, 124 (no source cited)

  10. Hardy, 22

  11. Harleian MS. 289, f.202; Macauley, 86

  12. Harleian MS. 289, f.202

  13. Harleian MS. 289, f.198

  14. A Survey of the Manor of Settrington

  15. Davey SLJG, 286

  16. Strickland LTP, 95; Robertson 2, Appendix

  17. APC 10, 161

  18. Schutte, 232

  19. A Survey of the Manor of Settrington

  20. Durant, 14

  21. Strickland LTP, 95; Durant, 14

  22. CSP Scotland 5, 290

  23. CSP Scotland 5, 277, 290

  24. CSP Scotland 5, 291

  25. Strickland LTP, 96

  26. Lettres 4, 397–8

  27. Durant, 14; Lisle TFS, 352

  28. Hardy, 24

  29. CSP Scotland 5, 370

  30. CSP Scotland 5, 295

  31. Norrington, 25

  32. Folger Shakespeare Library L.a.249

  33. Varlow, 54

  34. MacNalty, 153

  35. Nichols 2, 522. A casting bottle was used for sprinkling scented water.

  36. Lettres 6, 51–7

  37. Lovell, 314–15; Borman 314–15

  38. A Survey of the Manor of Settrington

  39. NA PROB 11/60/174. The will is dated 1577, but the new year of 1578 did not officially begin until Lady Day, March 25.

  40. It has been suggested that the tablet given to Leicester is perhaps to be identified with a girdle book containing a portrait of the King now in the British Library (Stowe MS. 956) and once in the possession of the descendants of William Seymour, Duke of Somerset, the man Arbella married; and that Arbella was briefly betrothed to Leicester’s heir, the “noble imp,” Robert Dudley, Lord Denbigh, in childhood; and that the tablet came to her at this time (Lisle TFS, 414), but there is no proof of the betrothal.

  41. Eden et al.; NA PROB 11/60/174. The will was witnessed and sealed by Dr. Robert Huicke, the Queen’s physician, Dr. Richard Caldwell, Sir Robert Bowes, N. Paine, Robert Weldoms, Margery Williams, John Wolfe, Laurence Nesbit and William Mompesson, in the presence of William Drury, Doctor of Law and commissary of the Prerogative Court of Canterbury.

  42. Durant, 15; Lovell, 275

  43. John Phillips

  44. The date is given in her tomb epitaph and by Holinshed, although John Phillips gives March 9.

  45. John Phillips

  46. Marshall ODNB

  47. Elizabeth Throckmorton, wife of Sir Walter Raleigh.

  48. Peck

  49. Miller, 143

  50. Naunton; Sitwell, 101; Jenkins EL, 293

  51. Lemprière, 446

 
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