The Lost Tudor Princess: The Life of Lady Margaret Douglas by Alison Weir

  52. Leicester’s Commonwealth, 18

  53. Following Leicester’s death in 1588, he entered the service of James VI. He died in 1590 in Edinburgh.

  54. Ashdown RT, 174

  55. Stedall SC, 138

  56. Lefuse, 6

  57. CSP Scotland 5, 368

  58. CSP Scotland 5, 368; NA C.66, 1170; Macauley, 84; Durant, 18. Mann says that Margaret was first buried in Hackney Church with Charles, and was moved to Westminster by James I, but this is not supported by the other evidence.

  59. CSP Scotland 5, 328

  60. Ibid.

  61. Lovell, 276

  62. Lisle TFS, 353

  63. Holinshed 5

  64. Stow

  65. Holinshed 5

  66. Meaning a representation or model, in this case almost certainly an effigy.

  67. Holinshed 5

  68. Strong TJP, 199

  69. An electrotype of the effigy is in the National Portrait Gallery.

  70. Arnold QEWU, 128, 152

  71. Whitelock, 353

  72. For the tomb, see The Douglas Archives; Wilkinson

  73. Scott Giles

  74. Borman, 298

  75. Camden, 277

  76. Holinshed 5

  77. Clarke

  78. Gristwood, 17

  79. Clarke

  80. Ibid.

  22. “A Progenitor of Princes”

  1. Keith 3, 307; Hardy, 13

  2. CSP Simancas 2, 493

  3. NA SP 52/27, f.120v

  4. Gristwood, 29

  5. CSP Scotland 5, 356

  6. Eden et al.

  7. Original Letters 2, 60

  8. Hardy, 33; Gristwood, 51; University of Nottingham MS. Mi6/1/173/242

  9. Possibly the “H” stood for “Henry Darnley” or “Henry VIII.”

  10. Darnley’s emblem.

  11. Hardy, 25; Lefuse, 26–27

  12. Tytler

  13. Royal Treasures

  14. Hardy, 25–26

  15. Ashdown RT, 177–78; Hardy, 55

  16. Acts of the Parliaments of Scotland 3, 154–57; CSP Scotland 5, 365

  17. Macauley, 86

  18. NA SP 52/31, f.2

  19. Somerset

  20. CSP Scotland 5, 368

  21. CSP Scotland 5, 369

  22. NA SP 52/31, f.5

  23. CSP Scotland 6, 505

  24. Schutte, 53

  25. The head of the vault is in fact two or three feet to the south of the tomb.

  26. Stanley, 510–11. The discovery of Richmond’s body in this vault left Stanley baffled as to why it should be there when his heart was encased in an urn near his son’s magnificent monument in the Henry VII Chapel.

  27. Clarke

  Appendix I: Margaret’s Portraiture

  1. Strong EI, 44; Strong TJP, 200

  2. Lisle, interview for the Lady Jane Grey Reference Guide

  3. I am grateful to Siobhan Clarke, a guide lecturer at Historic Royal Palaces, who guides in costume as Margaret Douglas, for this comparison.

  4. Marshall ODNB; Lisle, interview for the Lady Jane Grey Reference Guide; James, in Apollo; Porter CT, 312

  5. Strong ERM, 47

  6. Now in the Victoria and Albert Museum.

  7. Lloyd and Remington, 1538

  8. Denny KH, 175; Holbein and the Court of Henry VIII, 126–27; James, in Apollo; Treasures: The Royal Collection, 61; Reynolds, 50–52; Arnold PM, 5; Jane Roberts, 126; Foister, 102

  9. Lost Faces, 72

  10. Lost Faces, 74

  11. Information from

  12. Portrait of a Woman in Black; Hans Eworth and the London Stranger Painters

  13. Guy HRPP

  14. Bridgeman; Hans Eworth and the London Stranger Painters

  15. Strong HE; Hans Eworth and the London Stranger Painters

  16. It’s About Time; Portrait of an Unknown Woman

  17. Strong TJP, 199

  18. Millar QP, 23

  19. Millar TSEGP, 77; Strong TJP, 200

  20. Millar TSEGP, 77

  21. Ibid.

  22. Thurley

  23. Royal Collection Trust: Lady Margaret Douglas, Countess of Lennox

  24. Kitson and Pawson

  25. Millar TSEGP, 73

  26. Scan kindly sent to me by Sally E. Douglas of The Douglas Archives.

  27. Strickland LQS 2, 112

  28. Reynolds, 304; Strong ATC, 65; Hearn, 36; The Fitzwilliam Museum

  29. Strong TJP, 200

  30. A Noble Visage

  31. Scan kindly sent to me by Sally E. Douglas of The Douglas Archives.

  Appendix II: Miscellaneous Poems Copied by Margaret Douglas into the Devonshire Manuscript

  1. Additional MS. 17,492; Heale


  Primary Sources

  Abell, Adam: The Roit ir Quheill of Tyme. See A. M. Stewart, “Final Folios of the Roit ir Quheill of Tyme,” in Stewart Style (ed. Janet Hadley Williams, East Linton, 1996)

  Accounts of the Lord High Treasurer of Scotland (12 vols., ed. T. Dickon et al., Edinburgh, 1877–1970)

  Acts of the Parliaments of Scotland, 1124–1707 (12 vols., ed. Thomas Thompson and Cosmo Innes, Edinburgh, 1814–75)

  Acts of the Privy Council of England, 1542–1631 (vols. 1 to 10 of 45, ed. John Roche Dasent, E. G. Atkinson, J. V. Lyle, R. F. Monger and P. A. Penfold, London, 1890–1964)

  Additional MSS (The British Library)

  Ambassades de MM. de Noailles en Angleterre (5 vols., ed. R. A. Vertot and C. Villaret, Leyden, 1763)

  Archaeologia, or Miscellaneous Tracts relating to Antiquity (Society of Antiquaries, London, 1910)

  Arundel MSS (The British Library)

  Ascham, Roger: The Schoolmaster (London, 1570; London, 1909)

  Batman vpon Bartholome, his book De Proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged, and amended (compiled Steven Batman; translated by John Trevisa, London, 1582)

  Bickham, George: Deliciae Brittanicae (London, 1742)

  Buck, Samuel and Nathaniel: Buck’s Antiquities or Venerable Remains of Above 400 Castles, &c., in England and Wales, with near 100 Views of Cities (London, 1774)

  Calderwood, David: The True History of the Church of Scotland from the beginning of the Reformation unto the end of the Reign of King James VI (8 vols., ed. Thomas Thomson and David Laing, Wodrow Society, Edinburgh, 1842–49)

  Calendar of the Cecil Papers in Hatfield House, Vol. 1, 1306–1571, Vol. 2, 1572–1582 (Calendar of the Manuscripts of the Most Honourable The Marquess of Salisbury, Historical Manuscripts Commission, 24 vols., London, 1883–1976;

  Calendar of Letters, Despatches and State Papers relating to Negotiations between England and Spain, preserved in the Archives at Simancas and Elsewhere (13 vols., ed. G. A. Bergenroth, P. de Goyangos, Garrett Mattingley, R. Tyler, et al., HMSO, London, 1862–1965;

  Calendar of Letters and State Papers relating to English Affairs, preserved principally in the Archives of Simancas (4 vols., ed. Martin A. S. Hume, London, HMSO, 1892;

  Calendar of the manuscripts of the Most Honourable the Marquess of Salisbury…preserved at Hatfield House, Hertfordshire (24 vols., Historical Manuscripts Commission, London, 1883–1976)

  A Calendar of the Shrewsbury and Talbot Papers in Lambeth Palace Library and the College of Arms (2 vols., ed. Catherine Jamison, revised by E.G.W. Bill, Historical Manuscripts Commission, London, 1966, 1972)

  Calendar of State Papers Domestic: Vol. I: Edward, Mary and Elizabeth, 1547–80 (ed. Robert Lemon, London, 1856;

  Calendar of State Papers, Foreign: Edward VI, 1547–1553 (ed. William B. Turnbull, London, 1861;

  Calendar of State Papers, Foreign: Elizabeth (vols. 1–13, ed. Joseph Stevenson and A. J. Crosby et al., London, 1863–1980;

  Calendar of State Papers, Foreign: Mary, 1553–1558 (ed. William B. Turnbull, London,

  Calendar of State Papers and Manuscripts existing in the Archives and Collections of Milan, 1385–1618 (ed. Allen B. Hinds, London, 1912;

  Calendar of State Papers and Manuscripts relating to English Affairs preserved in the Archives of Venice and in the other Libraries of Northern Italy (vols. 2 and 7, ed. L. Rawdon-Brown, Cavendish Bentinck, et al., London, 1864–1947;

  Calendar of State Papers and Manuscripts relating to English Affairs in the Vatican Archives, Vol. 1 (ed. J. M. Rigg, London, 1916;

  Calendar of the State Papers relating to Scotland and Mary, Queen of Scots, 1547–1603 (vols. 1–5, ed. Joseph Bain, W. K. Boyd and M. S. Giuseppi, Edinburgh, 1898–1969;

  Cambridge University Library MSS

  Camden, William: Annales rerum Anglicarum et Hibernicarum regnante Elizabetha (London, 1615)

  Chapters in the History of Yorkshire, being a Collection of Original Letters, Papers and Public Documents illustrating the State of that County during the Reigns of Elizabeth I, James I and Charles I (ed. J. J. Cartwright, Wakefield, 1872)

  The Chronicle of Calais in the Reigns of Henry VII and Henry VIII, to the year 1540 (attributed to Richard Turpin; ed. J. G. Nichols, Camden Society, 25, 1846)

  The Chronicle of Queen Jane and of Two Years of Queen Mary, written by a Resident in the Tower of London (ed. John Gough Nichols, Camden Society, London, 1850)

  Cobbett’s Complete Collection of State Trials, Vol. 1 (London, 1809)

  A Collection of Letters, and State Papers, From the Original Manuscripts of Several Princes and Great Personages in the Two Last Centuries (ed. Leonard Howard, London, 1765)

  A Collection of State Papers, relating to affairs in the reigns of King Henry VIII, King Edward VI, Queen Mary and Queen Elizabeth, from the year 1542 to 1570. Transcribed from original letters and other authentick memorials (ed. Samuel Haynes, London, 1740)

  A Collection of State Papers relating to affairs in the Reign of Queen Elizabeth, from the year 1571 to 1596, translated from the original papers in the Library of Hatfield House (ed. William Murdin, London, 1759)

  Correspondence Diplomatique Angleterre (Archives des affaires étrangères)

  Cotton MSS (The British Library)

  Crossley, E. W.: “A Temple Newsam Inventory, 1565” (Yorkshire Archaeological Journal, 25, 1918–20)

  The Devonshire Manuscript: A Women’s Book of Courtly Poetry, by Lady Margaret Douglas and Others (ed. Elizabeth Heale, Toronto, 2012)

  A diurnal of remarkable occurrents that have passed within Scotland since the death of King James IV till the year MDMLXV (ed. Thomas Thomson, Edinburgh, 1833)

  Doleman, R.: A Conference about the Next Succession to the Crown of England (Antwerp, 1594)

  The Douglas Book (4 vols., ed. William Fraser, Edinburgh, 1885)

  The Earl of Warwick’s MSS at Warwick Castle, Class OG.308

  Early Modern Women Poets (1520–1700): An Anthology (ed. Jane Stevenson and Peter Davidson, Oxford, 2001)

  Ecclesiastical Memorials (3 vols., ed. John Strype, Oxford, 1822)

  Edward VI: The Chronicle and Political Papers of King Edward VI (ed. W. K. Jordan, London, 1966)

  Edward VI: England’s Boy King: The Diary of Edward VI, 1547–1553 (ed. Jonathan North, Welwyn Garden City, 2005)

  Egerton MSS (The British Library)

  Elder, John: The Copy of a Letter sent into Scotland of the Arrival and Landing and Marriage of Philip, Prince of Spain to the Princess Mary, Queen of England (London, 1555)

  Erskine, John Francis, and Paton, Henry: Report on the Manuscripts of the Earl of Mar and Kellie, preserved at Alloa House, N.B. (Historical Manuscripts Commission No. 60, 1904)

  Fénélon, Bertrand de Salignac de la Mothe: Correspondence diplomatique de Bertrand de Salignac de la Mothe Fénélon: ambassadeur de France en Angleterre de 1568 à 1575 (7 vols., ed. Alexandre Teulet, Paris and London, 1838–40)

  Folger Shakespeare Library MSS (Washington, DC)

  Foxe, John: The Acts and Monuments of John Foxe (8 vols., ed. Stephen Reed Cattley, London, 1853–70; The Acts and Monuments Online,

  Fuller, Thomas: The Church History of Britain (London, 1655; 6 vols., ed. J. S. Brewer, Oxford, 1845)

  Goodare, Julian: “Queen Mary’s Catholic interlude” (in Mary Stewart: Queen in Three Kingdoms, ed. Michael Lynch, Oxford, 1988)

  The Great Wardrobe Accounts of Henry VII and Henry VIII (ed. Maria Hayward, London Record Society, 2012)

  Hall, Edward: The Union of the Two Noble and Illustre Families of Lancaster and York (ed. H. Ellis, London, 1809; published in facsimile 1970)

  Harleian MSS (The British Library)

  Herbert, Edward, 1st Baron Herbert of Cherbury: The Life and Raigne of King Henry the Eighth (London, 1649, reprinted London, 1870)

  The Historie and Life of King James the Sext (Bannatyne Club, 13, Edinburgh, 1825)

  Holinshed, Raphael: The Chronicles of England, Scotland and Ireland (2 vols., London, 1577; ed. Henry Ellis, 6 vols., London, 1807–8)

  Knox, John: The Works of John Knox (6 vols., ed. David Laing, Bannatyne Society, Edinburgh, 1846–64)

  Lansdowne MSS (The British Library)

  The Last Testament of the Earl of Bothwell (transcribed by Eileen Santen, ed. Prue Mosman,

  Latymer, William: “William Latymer’s Chronicle of Anne Boleyn” (ed. Maria Dowling, Camden Miscellany, 30, Camden Society 4th Series 39, 1990)

  Leicester’s Commonwealth (ed. Nina Green, 2002,

  Leland, John: Antiquarii de Rebus Brittanicis Collectanea (London, 1612; 6 vols., ed. Thomas Hearne, Chetham Society, Oxford, 1715, London, 1774)

  Leland, John: The Itinerary of John Leland in or about the years 1535–1543 (5 vols., ed. Lucy Toulin Smith, London, 1906–10)

  The Lennox Narrative (Cambridge University Library, Oo.vii.47; reproduced in R. H. Mahon: Mary, Queen of Scots: A Study of the Lennox Narrative, Cambridge, 1924)

  Lesley (or Leslie), John: De origine, moribus, ac rebus gestis Scotiae libri decem (10 vols., Rome, 1578; published as The history of Scotland, from the death of King James I in the year M.CCCC.XXXVI to the year M.D.LXI, ed. Thomas Thomson, Bannatyne Club, Edinburgh, 1830)

  The Letters of King Henry VIII (ed. Muriel St. Clare Byrne, London, 1936)

  Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, of the Reign of Henry VIII (21 vols. in 33 parts, ed. J. S. Brewer, James Gairdner, R. Brodie, et al., 1862–1932)

  Letters of the Queens of England, 1100–1547 (ed. Anne Crawford, Stroud, 1994)

  Letters of Royal and Illustrious Ladies of Great Britain (3 vols., ed. Mary Anne Everett Green, London, 1846)

  Lettres, Instructions et Mémoires de Marie Stuart, Reine d’Écosse (7 vols., ed. Alexandre Labanoff, London, 1844)

  Lindsay, Robert, of Pitscottie: The History and Chronicles of Scotland, 1436–1565 (Laing MS. 218, University of Edinburgh; ed. Aeneus Mackay, Scottish Texts Society, Edinburgh, 1899)

  Loke, William: “Account of Materials furnished for the use of Anne Boleyn and Princess Elizabeth, 1535–6” (Miscellanea of the Philobiblion Society, VII, 1862)

  Melville, Sir James: Memoirs of Sir James Melville of Halhill (ed. A. Francis Steuart, London, 1929)

  National Archives: C.: Chancery Records

  National Archives: E.: Exchequer Records

  National Archives: PROB: Records of the Prerogative Court of Canterbury

  National Archives: SP: State Papers

  National Archives: SPD: State Papers Domestic

  National Archives of Scotland: GD: Gifts and Deeds

  National Records of Scotland: PC: Privy Council

  Naunton, Sir Robert: Fragmenta Regalia (London, 1653; ed. Edward Arber, London, 1879, 1896)

  Original Letters Illustrative of English History (11 vols. in 3 series, ed. Sir Henry Ellis, London, 1824, 1827 and 1846)

>   Papiers d”état, pièces et documents inédits ou peu connus, relatifs a l’histoire de l’Écosse au XVIe siècle, tirés des bibliothèques et des archives de France (3 vols., ed. A. Teulet, Bannatyne Club of Edinburgh, Paris, 1852)

  Peck, Francis: New Memoirs of the Life and Poetical Works of Mr. John Milton (London, 1740)

  Pepys Library, Cambridge MSS (Magdalene College, Cambridge)

  Phillips, John: A Commemoration of the Right Noble and virtuous Lady Margaret Douglas’s good Grace, Countess of Lennox (London, 1578)

  Privy Purse Expenses of Henry VIII, 1529–1532 (ed. Nicholas Harris Nicolas, London, 1827)

  Privy Purse Expenses of the Princess Mary, daughter of King Henry the Eighth, afterwards Queen Mary, with a memoir of the Princess, and notes (ed. Frederick Madden, London, 1831)

  Records of the Court of Augmentations and the Augmentation Office (The National Archives)

  Register of the Privy Council of Scotland (14 vols., ed. J. H. Burton and D. Masson, Edinburgh, 1877–98)

  Register of the Privy Seal of Scotland (4 vols., ed. M. Livingstone, D. H. Fleming, and J. Beveridge, Scottish Record Office, 1908)

  Regnans in Excelsis: Excommunicating Elizabeth I of England (

  Relations Politiques de la France et de l’Espagne avec l’Ecosse au XVIième Siècle (5 vols., ed. J.A.B. Teulet, Paris, 1862)

  The Scottish Correspondence of Mary of Lorraine: Including Some Three Hundred Letters from 20th February 1542–3 to 15th May 1560 (ed. Annie I. Cameron, Edinburgh, 1927)

  Secret Writing in the Public Records, Henry VIII–George II (ed. Sheila R. Richards, London, 1974)

  Selections from unpublished manuscripts in the College of Arms and the B.M. illustrating the reign of Mary, Queen of Scotland, 1543–68 (ed. J. Stevenson, Maitland Club, 42, Glasgow, 1837)

  Sloane MSS (The British Library)

  Spottiswood, John: The History of the Church and State of Scotland (London, 1655)

  State Papers of the Reign of Henry VIII (11 vols., Records Commissioners, 1830–52)

  Statutes of the Realm (11 vols., ed. A. Luders et al., London, 1810–28)

  Stow, John: A Survey of London (London, 1598; Stroud, 1994)

  Stowe MSS (The British Library)

  A Survey of the Manor of Settrington (ed. H. King and A. Harris, Yorkshire Archaeological Society, CXXVI, Wakefield, 1962)

  Talbot MSS (Lambeth Palace Library and College of Arms)

Previous Page Next Page
Should you have any enquiry, please contact us via [email protected]